Unani system strongly believes in nature and its healing properties. It believes that health is a condition, which is achieved when all the functions are carried out in correct and complete manner. Thus, wholeness and balance were the norms for human beings, initially. However, as people deviated from the natural way of living, a disharmony set in, leading to a number of diseases. Thus, the Doctrine of Naturals was propounded, which discusses seven basic components. These components are elements, temperaments, humours, organs, forces, actions and spirits.
In Unani system, elements are referred to the four elements of nature;
earth, air, fire, water. These elements possess four qualities, viz.
hot, cold, moist and dry. Each of these elements corresponds to a humor
or essence in the body: air relates to blood humor. Water relates to
Phlegm humor. Fire relates to yellow bile humor. Earth relates to Black
bile humor. These elements are undergoing constant change, which are
monitored by Unani practitioners to determine what is wrong with the
There are nine kinds of temperaments, eight of which are called non
equable and one is called equable. Of the eight non equable, four are
single: hot, cold, wet, and dry; while the other four are compound: hot
and dry, hot and wet, cold and dry, and cold and wet. Thus, temperament
is that quality, which is prevalent due to the mutual interaction of
primary characteristics of the elements. Thus, monitoring the anomaly in
the temperament of any organ in the body, the treatment can be
There are four humors in Unani, namely, blood humor, phlegm, yellow
bile and black bile. These four primary humors are derived from the
digestion of food and are utilized as nutrient components for the growth
and repair of the organs and to yield energy for work. They are also
assigned respective temperaments; like blood is hot and moist, phlegm
cold and moist, yellow bile hot and dry, and black bile cold and dry.
Thus, every individual is required to maintain the humoural balance in
the body, to remain healthy. Any imbalance leads to disease. Correct
diet, digestion and medicines are used to regain the humoural balance.
There are four organs of primary importance in Unani: the brain, the
heart, the liver and the testicles or ovaries. All the other organs are
governed by them. Thus, initially these four organs are monitored in
case of a disease.
There are three forces administered in Unani: the vital, the natural
and the psychic. Further, the vital forces are two, the active and the
acted upon. Natural forces are also two; the ones that serve others and
the ones that are served by others. The psychic forces produce three
functions, to mediate behavior, to cause voluntary movement and to
create sensation. Besides, natural forces arise in the liver, the vital
forces in the heart and the psychic force in the brain. Thus, all these
forces are considered, at the time of finding the cause of the disease.
In the fast paced world, people suffer from a number of mental and
emotional diseases. When such individuals take resort to pharmaceutical
drugs, they end up suffering all the more. However, Unani provides
solution to all these problems, with the help of traditional herbal
formulas. These medicines are deemed completely safe without any side
effects, intoxication or addiction.