Siddha Diagnosis is the method of determining the disease. Find out more about diagnosis in Siddha system of medicine.

Diagnosis in Siddha

According to Siddha, human body sustains the state of healthy living via keeping the Three Humours in equilibrium, influenced by dietary habits, daily activities and the environment around. In case this equilibrium is disturbed, it leads to a condition known as disease. It is basically the derangement of five elements, which in turn alters the Three Humors. There can either be a decrease or increase in the balance.

However, to identify the disease and its cause, a scientific method is required. In Siddha medicine system, the method of diagnosis is quite unique and is entirely based on the 'clinical acumen' of the physician. The physician examines the tongue, complexion, speech, eyes, and palpatory findings in a patient. This is followed by the examination of the urine and stools. The diagnosis is also confirmed by the 'Pulse Diagnosis'.

These are known as the 'Eight Tools of Diagnosis'. These tools not only enable the physician to diagnose the anomaly but also help to discover the prospects and restoration of health. It should be noted that pulse diagnosis was distinctive in Siddha medicine and was later used in other medicine systems. The pulse is examined from the right hand of the males and left hand of the females.

The pulse is recorded at the Radial-artery. The unit of pulse diagnosis is 1 for Vatham 1/2 for Pitham and 1/4 for Kapham. This unit is equivalent to the size of a grain (wheat). Besides, the interrogation of the patient only plays a nominal role in determining the cause of the disease. The symptoms and procedure of the eight-fold examination, commonly known as Ashta Sthana Pariksa are given below: