Indian Railways has been serving the people of India for over 150 years. During the ups and downs of country, this organization operated as a great integrating force and assisted the economic structure of India. Indian Railways also facilitated in speeding up the growth of industry and agriculture. In official terms, Indian Railways (IR) is a department of the Indian Government that works under the Ministry of Railways. The IR has been given the charge to operate the rail network in India.
The Ministry of Railways is led by the Cabinet Rank Railway
Minister, whereas the Indian Railways Department is controlled by
the Railway Board. The IR is not a private corporate body, yet it is
striving to take up the corporate management style in recent times.
Indian Railways (IR) not only enjoys the monopoly over India's rail
transport, but it is also one of the largest and busiest rail
networks in the world. The eulogy lies in the fact that the network
transports 16 million passengers and over 1 million tonnes of
Not only this, Indian Railways is known to be the second largest
commercial or utility employer in the world with more than 1.6
million employees. Indian Railways boasts of the largest rail
network in Asia. IR is acclaimed to be second largest in the world,
functioning under one management system. Indian Railways is also
known to have a multi gauge and multi traction system. The rail
tracks pass through the length and breadth of India, covering an
estimated length of 108,805 kilometers (67,608 miles).
Indian Rail Ways maneuvers both long distance and suburban rail
systems. IR runs around 14,444 trains daily on its rail tracks.
Indian Railways has an approximate number of 7739 locomotives,
39,263 coaches, 2,22,147 freight wagons, 700 repair shops, 2300 good
sheds and more than 7000 stations. Indian Railways appeared as an
efficient system with the onset of computerization system. Since the
first train in 1850's, IR has worked hard to sprawl one of the
largest railway networks in the world.