Indian subcontinent is a bird watcher's paradise. There are a large number of resident birds in India, some native and some introduced. However, all of them today beautifully reflect the rich natural life of the country. One can also find some of the rarest wild bird species in the subcontinent. Numerous bird sanctuaries have been set up in the country to provide the birds with a natural habitat and augment their population. In this section, we have provided information about the following Indian birds:
Indian bittern is a bird belonging to the Ardeidae family of herons.
Almost all the subspecies of Bitterns have a short neck and tend to be
more secretive than the other members of the family. Indian Bittern
birds form a monophyletic subfamily in the heron family of Botaurinae.
Crested Serpent Eagle
Indian Crested Serpent Eagle, a member of Accipitridae family, is
scientifically known as Spilornis cheela. It is a specialist reptile
eater, which mainly hunts snakes and lizards.
Grey Francolin, also known as Grey Partridge, is a resident bird of the
Indian subcontinent. The species was introduced for the first time in
the Andaman Islands. Since then, it has beautifully adapted itself to
the country as well as its climate.
Greylag goose, Anser anser, is one of the Old World species of birds
and was known in the pre-Linnean times as Wild Goose. It has ancestral
relations with the domesticated geese of Europe and North America. Gray
Lag Goose is a very frequent winter visitor to the north regions of the
Great Indian Hornbill
Greater Indian Hornbill is considered to be the largest member of the
hornbill family. Scientifically known as Buceros bicornis, it is usually
found inhabiting the forests of Indian subcontinent, the Malay Peninsula
and Sumatra, Indonesia. The average lifespan of the Great Pied Hornbill
of India exceeds 35 years and may go upto 50 years in captivity.
Indian heron belongs is a member of the large wading bird family, known
as Ardeidae. It is found mostly inhabiting the tropical and sub tropical
areas. However, Indian herons can also be seen in temperate areas. There
is one major characteristic that distinguishes herons from the other
Blue peacock is regarded as one of the most beautiful birds throughout
the world. It is also the National Bird of the Indian subcontinent.
Peacock is the name given to a male peafowl, while the female is known
as Peahen. Scientifically known as Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus), the
Peafowl of India is a swan-sized bird, with a long and slender neck.
Jungle Bush Quail
Jungle bush quail bird is one of the species of quails found in South
Asia. The bird is usually seen in small coveys and is quite shy by
nature. One can get a glimpse of the Jungle bush quails of India mainly
when they burst out into flight from under the vegetation.
Indian stork is one of the 17 different species of storks found
throughout the world. The only continent where storks are not found is
that of Antarctica. The natural habitat of the storks comprises of
Indian fields, savannas and marshes.