Grey Francolin, also known as Grey Partridge, is a resident bird of the Indian subcontinent. The species was introduced for the first time in the Andaman Islands. Since then, it has beautifully adapted itself to the country as well as its climate.
Grey Francolin of India is locally known by the names of Teetar and
Bhoora (brown) Tittar. The name Teetar is based on the call of the bird,
which comes as 'Ka-tee-tar-tee-tar'.
Grey Francolin is a stub-tailed bird and is grayish-brown in color.
Male francolins may have upto two tarsal spurs, while the females have
none. The population residing in northwestern areas of the Indian
subcontinent is the grayest of all the Grey Francolin subspecies. The
species inhabiting peninsula boast of a dark rufous throat, supercilium
and more brown coloration.
The mating season of the Grey Francolin of India falls in the months of
April to September. The gestation period lasts from 21 to 23 days. The
female lays 4-9 eggs at a time and the nest comprises of a hidden scrape
on the ground.
The natural habitat of the Gray Partridge of India consists of
grasslands and scrublands. One can also spot the bird in the cultivated
areas as well as near villages. Grey Francolin is found inhabiting the
plains and drier parts of South Asia.
The diet of Grey Francolin includes grain, seeds, shoots, drupes,
termites and insects.
The past few decades saw the population of Gray Francolin showing a
downward trend. The reason for this was large-scale hunting as well as
trapping of the bird. However, after the Indian government imposed a ban
on it's hunting, the situation has improved to quite an extent.
Geographical Subspecies of Grey Francolin