IloveIndia

Indian Heroes IloveIndia







Here is a brief biography and history of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Read information on life of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Biography


Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Born: September 5, 1888
Died: April 17, 1975
Achievements: First Vice President and second President of India. Placed Indian philosophy on world map.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was first Vice President of India and second President of India. He was also a philosopher and introduced the thinking of western idealist philosophers into Indian thought. He was a famous teacher and his birthday is celebrated as Teacher's Day in India.

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on September 5, 1888 at Tirutani, Madras in a poor Brahmin family. As his father was poor Radhakrishnan supported most of his education through scholarships. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had his early education at Gowdie School, Tiruvallur and then went to the Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati for his high school. He joined the Voorhee's College in Vellore and later switched to the Madras Christian College. He chose Philosophy as his major subject and did his B.A. and M.A. in it.

After completing his M.A., Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, accepted an Assistant Lectureship at the Madras Presidency College in 1909. In college, he mastered the classics of Hindu philosophy, namely the Upanishads, Bhagvad Gita, Brahmasutra, and commentaries of Sankara, Ramunuja and Madhava. He also acquainted himself with Buddhist and Jain philosophy and philosophies of Western thinkers such as Plato, Plotinus, Kant, Bradley, and Bergson.

In 1918, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was selected as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore. In 1921, Radhakrishnan was nominated as Professor of Philosophy at the Calcutta University, 1921. In 1923, Dr. Radhakrishnan's book "Indian Philosophy" was published. The book was hailed as a "philosophical classic and a literary masterpiece."

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was called to Oxford University, to deliver lectures on Hindu philosophy. He used his lectures as a platform to further India's cause for freedom. He also argued that Western philosophers, despite all claims to objectivity, were biased by theological influences from their wider culture. He showed that Indian philosophy, once translated into standard academic jargon, is worthy of being called philosophy by Western standards. He thus placed Indian Philosophy on world map.

In 1931, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected Vice Chancellor of the Andhra University. In 1939, Radhakrishnan became the Vice Chancellor of the Benaras Hindu University. In 1946, he was appointed as Ambassador to UNESCO. After Independence Dr. Radhakrishnan was requested to Chair the University Education Commission in 1948. The Radhakrishnan Committee's suggestions helped mould the education system for India's needs.

In 1949, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was appointed ambassador to the Soviet Union. He helped laid the foundation for a strong relationship with Soviet Union. Radhakrishnan was elected first Vice-President of India in 1952. He was honored with the Bharat Ratna in 1954. After serving two terms as Vice-President, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected President of India in 1962. During his tenure as President India fought wars with China and Pakistan. As President he helped see India through those trying years safely. He retired as President in 1967 and settled in Madras.

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan died on April 17, 1975.





Annie Besant
Aruna Asaf Ali
Aurobindo Ghose
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Shaheed Bhagat Singh
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Chandrashekhar Azad
Dadabhai Naoroji
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Jawaharlal Nehru
Lala Lajpat Rai
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Motilal Nehru
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Rajiv Gandhi
Sardar Patel
Sarojini Naidu
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Subhas Chandra Bose
Veer Savarkar
Kasturba Gandhi
Madam Cama
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
Sucheta Kriplani
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Ajmal Khan
Pattabhi Sitaramayya
Bipin Chandra Pal
Chittaranjan Das
Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari
Gopinath Bordoloi
Jayaprakash Narayan
K Kamaraj
Mangal Pandey
Mridula Sarabhai
Rani Gaidinliu
S. Srinivasa Iyengar
Sir Surendranath Banerjee
Deendayal Upadhyaya
Dr Zakir Hussain
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Ram Manohar Lohia
C.N. Annadurai
Jyoti Basu
K.R. Narayanan
Pramod Mahajan
V. V. Giri
Chandra Shekhar
Chaudhary Devi Lal
Chempakaraman Pillai
Indrajit Gupta
J.B. Kripalani
P.V. Narasimha Rao
R. Venkataraman
Rajesh Pilot
Vijayaraje Scindia
V.P. Singh
Charan Singh
Mohan Kumaramangalam
R. K. Shanmukham Chetty
Rangarajan Kumaramangalam
Siddhartha Shankar Ray
T.Sadasivam
T.T. Krishnamachari
Acharya Narendra Dev
Bagha Jatin
Bhulabhai Desai
Bidhan Chandra Roy
Chidambaram Subramaniam
E M S Namboodiripad
E V Ramasamy
Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi
Giani Zail Singh
Gulzarilal Nanda
Hasrat Mohani
Kamala Nehru
Khudiram Bose
M. G Ramachandran
Madan Mohan Malaviya
Madhavrao Scindia
Morarji Desai
N. T. Rama Rao
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Rafi Ahmed Kidwai
Ram Prasad Bismil
Rash Behari Bose
S. Satyamurti
Shankar Dayal Sharma
Shyamji Krishna Varma
Shyama Prasad Mookerjee
V O Chidambaram Pillai
V. K. Krishna Menon
Vithalbhai Patel
Y S Rajasekhara Reddy
Purushottam Das Tandon
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
Biju Patnaik
E.M.S. Namboodiripad
Farooq Abdullah
George Fernandes
H. D. Deve Gowda
I.K. Gujral
Jaswant Singh
Jayalalithaa Jayaram
Kanshi Ram
Lal Krishna Advani
Lalu Prasad Yadav
Mamata Banerjee
Mani Shankar Aiyar
Manmohan Singh
Mayawati
M. Karunanidhi
Mohammad Hamid Ansari
Mulayam Singh Yadav
Narendra Modi
Naveen Patnaik
Nithish Kumar
P. Chidambaram
Prakash Karat
Prakash Singh Badal
Pranab Mukherjee
Pratibha Devisingh Patil
Sharad Pawar
Sheikh Abdullah
Sheila Dikshit
Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Somnath Chatterjee
Sonia Gandhi
Sushma Swaraj
Uma Bharti
Yashwant Sinha








More from iloveindia.com