Born: 19 July 1827
Martyrdom: 8 April 1857
Achievements: A sepoy working under the British East India
Company, Mangal Pandey's name got etched into the pages of the Indian
history after he attacked his senior British officers in an incident,
which is today remembered as the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 or the India's
First War of Independence. The reason behind this was the rumor that the
cartridges used by Indian sepoys were greased with the fat of cow and
Mangal Pandey, whose name is often preceded by Shaheed meaning a martyr
in Hindi, was an Indian soldier during the pre-independence era. A
member of the 34th Regiment of the Bengal native infantry of the East
India Company, Mangal Pandey is counted among the most popular figures
associated with India's freedom struggle in present times. He was born
on 19 July 1827 in the Nagwa village in the Ballia district of the Uttar
Pradesh state. There still exist families in this village who claim to
the descendents of Mangal Pandey.
However, some disputes exist over the exact place where Mangal Pandey was born.
So read on to know more about the biography of Mangal Pandey, who joined
the sepoy force of the British East India Company in the year 1849 at
the age of 22. His name got etched into the pages of the Indian history
after he attacked his senior British officers in an incident, which is
today called the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 or the India's First War of
Independence. Due to this, he was later captured and hung till death on
8 April in 1857.
Here's more about the life history of Mangal Pandey, who was a devout
Hindu and practiced his religion strictly. It was rumored that the
cartridge used in the Enfield P-53 rifle which was being used by the
Indian sepoys was greased with the fat of pig and cow fat. These
cartridges had to be bitten off in order to remove the cover prior use
and this went against the religious beliefs of the Muslims and Hindus.
The general opinion was that the Britishers had deliberately done this
to hurt the sentiments of Indians. And this was the main reason behind
the outburst of Pandey's anger.