IloveIndia

Indian Heroes IloveIndia







Here is a brief biography and history of Sardar Vallabhai Patel. Read information on life of Indian freedom fighter Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel.

Sardar Patel Biography


Sardar Patel
Born: October 31, 1875
Died: December 15, 1950
Achievements: Successfully led Kheda Satyagraha and Bardoli revolt against British government; elected Ahmedabad's municipal president in 1922, 1924 and 1927; elected Congress President in 1931; was independent India's first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister; played a key role in political integration of India; conferred Bharat Ratna in 1991.

Sardar Patel was popularly known as Iron Man of India. His full name was Vallabhbhai Patel. He played a leading role in the Indian freedom struggle and became the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of India. He is credited with achieving political integration of India.

Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875 in Nadiad, a small village in Gujarat. His father Jhaverbhai was a farmer and mother Laad Bai was a simple lady. Sardar Vallabhai's early education took place in Karamsad. Then he joined a school in Petlad. After two years he joined a high school in a town called Nadiad. He passed his high school examination in 1896. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a brilliant student throughout his schooling.

Vallabhbhai wanted to become a barrister. To realize this ambition he had to go to England. But he did not have the financial means to even join a college India. In those days a candidate could study in private and sit for an examination in Law. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel borrowed books from a lawyer of his acquaintance and studied at home. Occasionally he attended courts of law and listened attentively to the arguments of lawyer. Vallabhbhai passed the Law examination with flying colours.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel started his Law practice in Godhra. Soon his practice flourished. He got married to Jhaberaba. In 1904, he got a baby daughter Maniben, and in 1905 his son Dahyabhai was born. Vallabhbhai sent his elder brother Vitthalbhai, who himself was a lawyer, to England for higher studies in Law. Patel was only thirty-three years old when his wife died. He did not wish to marry again. After his brother's return, Vallabhbhai went to England. He studied with single-minded devotion and stood first in the Barrister-at-Law Examination.

Sardar Patel returned to India in 1913 and started his practice in Ahmedabad. Soon he became popular. At the urging of his friends, Patel contested and won elections to become the sanitation commissioner of Ahmedabad in 1917. Sardar Patel was deeply impressed by Gandhiji's success in Champaran Satyagraha. In 1918, there was a drought in the Kheda division of Gujarat. Peasants asked for relief from the high rate of taxes but the British government refused. Gandhiji took up peasants cause but could not devote his full time in Kheda. He was looking for someone who could lead the struggle in his absence. At this point Sardar Patel volunteered to come forward and lead the struggle. He gave up his lucrative legal practice and entered public life.

Vallabhbhai successfully led peasants revolt in Kheda and the revolt ended in 1919 when the British government agreed to suspend collection of revenue and roll back the rates. Kheda Satyagraha turned Vallabhbhai Patel into a national hero. Vallabhbhai supported Gandhi's Non-Cooperation Movement, and as president of the Gujarat Congress, helped in organizing bonfires of British goods in Ahmedabad. He gave up his English clothes and started wearing Khadi. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was elected Ahmedabad's municipal president in 1922, 1924 and 1927. During his terms, Ahmedabad was extended a major supply of electricity and underwent major education reforms. Drainage and sanitation systems were extended over all the city.

In 1928, Bardoli Taluka in Gujarat suffered from floods and famine. In this hour of distress the British government raised the revenue taxes by thirty percent. Sardar Patel took up cudgels on behalf of the farmers and appealed to the Governor to reduce the taxes. The Governor refused and the government even announced the date of the collection of the taxes. Sardar Patel organized the farmers and told them not to pay even a single pie of tax. The government tried to repress the revolt but ultimately bowed before Vallabhbhai Patel. It was during the struggle and after the victory in Bardoli that caused intense excitement across India, that Patel was increasingly addressed by his colleagues and followers as Sardar.

Disobedience Movement in 1930. After the signing of Gandhi-Irwin pact in 1931, Sardar Patel was released and he was elected Congress president for its 1931 session in Karachi. Upon the failure of the Round Table Conference in London, Gandhiji and Sardar Patel were arrested in January 1932 and imprisoned in the Yeravada Central Jail. During this term of imprisonment, Sardar Patel and Mahatma Gandhi grew close to one another, and the two developed a close bond of affection, trust, and frankness without reserve. Sardar Patel was finally released in July 1934.

In August 1942, the Congress launched the Quit India Movement. The government jailed all the important leaders of the Congress, including Vallabhai Patel. All the leaders were released after three years. After achieving independence on 15th of August 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of independent India and Sardar Patel became the Deputy Prime Minister. He was in charge of Home Affairs, Information and Broadcasting and the Ministry of States.

There were 565 princely states in India at that time. Some of the Maharajas and Nawabs who ruled over these were sensible and patriotic. But most of them were drunk with wealth and power. They were dreaming of becoming independent rulers once the British quit India. They argued that the government of free India should treat them as equals. Some of them went to the extent of planning to send their representatives to the United Nations Organization. Patel invoked the patriotism of India's monarchs, asking them to join in the freedom of their nation and act as responsible rulers who cared about the future of their people. He persuaded the princes of 565 states of the impossibility of independence from the Indian republic, especially in the presence of growing opposition from their subjects. With great wisdom and political foresight, he consolidated the small kingdoms. The public was with him. He tackled the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Nawab of Junagarh who initially did not want to join India. Sardar Patel's untiring efforts towards the unity of the country brought success. He united a scattered nation without much bloodshed. Due to the achievement of this massive task, Sardar Patel got the title of 'Iron Man'. Sardar Patel died of cardiac arrest on December 15, 1950. For his services to the nation Sardar Patel was conferred with Bharat Ratna in 1991.





Annie Besant
Aruna Asaf Ali
Aurobindo Ghose
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Shaheed Bhagat Singh
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Chandrashekhar Azad
Dadabhai Naoroji
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Jawaharlal Nehru
Lala Lajpat Rai
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Motilal Nehru
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Rajiv Gandhi
Sardar Patel
Sarojini Naidu
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Subhas Chandra Bose
Veer Savarkar
Kasturba Gandhi
Madam Cama
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
Sucheta Kriplani
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Ajmal Khan
Pattabhi Sitaramayya
Bipin Chandra Pal
Chittaranjan Das
Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari
Gopinath Bordoloi
Jayaprakash Narayan
K Kamaraj
Mangal Pandey
Mridula Sarabhai
Rani Gaidinliu
S. Srinivasa Iyengar
Sir Surendranath Banerjee
Deendayal Upadhyaya
Dr Zakir Hussain
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Ram Manohar Lohia
C.N. Annadurai
Jyoti Basu
K.R. Narayanan
Pramod Mahajan
V. V. Giri
Chandra Shekhar
Chaudhary Devi Lal
Chempakaraman Pillai
Indrajit Gupta
J.B. Kripalani
P.V. Narasimha Rao
R. Venkataraman
Rajesh Pilot
Vijayaraje Scindia
V.P. Singh
Charan Singh
Mohan Kumaramangalam
R. K. Shanmukham Chetty
Rangarajan Kumaramangalam
Siddhartha Shankar Ray
T.Sadasivam
T.T. Krishnamachari
Acharya Narendra Dev
Bagha Jatin
Bhulabhai Desai
Bidhan Chandra Roy
Chidambaram Subramaniam
E M S Namboodiripad
E V Ramasamy
Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi
Giani Zail Singh
Gulzarilal Nanda
Hasrat Mohani
Kamala Nehru
Khudiram Bose
M. G Ramachandran
Madan Mohan Malaviya
Madhavrao Scindia
Morarji Desai
N. T. Rama Rao
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Rafi Ahmed Kidwai
Ram Prasad Bismil
Rash Behari Bose
S. Satyamurti
Shankar Dayal Sharma
Shyamji Krishna Varma
Shyama Prasad Mookerjee
V O Chidambaram Pillai
V. K. Krishna Menon
Vithalbhai Patel
Y S Rajasekhara Reddy
Purushottam Das Tandon
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
Biju Patnaik
E.M.S. Namboodiripad
Farooq Abdullah
George Fernandes
H. D. Deve Gowda
I.K. Gujral
Jaswant Singh
Jayalalithaa Jayaram
Kanshi Ram
Lal Krishna Advani
Lalu Prasad Yadav
Mamata Banerjee
Mani Shankar Aiyar
Manmohan Singh
Mayawati
M. Karunanidhi
Mohammad Hamid Ansari
Mulayam Singh Yadav
Narendra Modi
Naveen Patnaik
Nithish Kumar
P. Chidambaram
Prakash Karat
Prakash Singh Badal
Pranab Mukherjee
Pratibha Devisingh Patil
Sharad Pawar
Sheikh Abdullah
Sheila Dikshit
Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Somnath Chatterjee
Sonia Gandhi
Sushma Swaraj
Uma Bharti
Yashwant Sinha








More from iloveindia.com