Born - 1890
Achievements - The first chief minister of Assam, Gopinath
Bordoloi, was an eminent Indian freedom fighter. He was an avid
supporter of Gandhiji and non-violence. He was most instrumental during
1946-47, when he worked day and night to prevent the inclusion of the
significantly Hindu dominated Assam into East Pakistan that nurtured a
majority of Muslims.
Gopinath Bordoloi, who became the very first chief minister of the Assam
state, was also a prominent freedom fighter of India. He was a staunch
supporter of Mahatma Gandhi and his theory of non-violence as a means of
attaining independence for the country from the British rule. After his
schooling, he attended the Scottish Church College at Calcutta city
known as Kolkata in present times. After this, he joined the Indian
National Congress as a volunteer. Read on to know more about the
biography of Gopinath Bordoloi.
Being absolutely dedicated to the cause of attaining India's freedom from the
alien rule, it did not take Bordoloi long to rise up through the ranks
of the Indian National Congress during the 1930s era. The biggest test
for the dedication of Gopinath Bordoloi to the national cause came during
the 1946-47 time period. This was the time when the then undivided majority
Muslim political leaders from Bengal, with most of them affiliated to
the Muslim League, desired the inclusion of significantly Hindu dominated
Assam into East Pakistan that nurtured a majority of Muslims.
This was a very crucial point in the life history of Gopinath Bordoloi.
However, the matter was sorted out by holding a number of protest
rallies and deliberating on this issue with high ranking officials in
the colonial government. There were apprehensions about the breaking out
of mass communal riots in the Assam region because of this reason, but
Bordoloi and other leaders used a lot of tact and political influence in
order to finally preserve this territorial integrity within the Union of
Post independence, Gopinath Bordoloi worked in alliance with Sardar
Vallabhbhai Patel to secure the sovereignty of Assam against Communist
China on the one hand and East Pakistan on the other. He was also
instrumental in rehabilitating thousands of Hindus refugees who fled
from East Pakistan because of the possibility of riots. Gopinath worked
day and night to ensure communal peace and harmony here. These moves
kept Assam safe and progressive till 1971 war over East Pakistan's
freedom. As such, he was presented the prestigious Bharat Ratna
posthumously in the year 1999.