If you think that a vacation is all about sightseeing during the day and partying by night, think again! Apart from exploring the city's string of attractions, there is more to do and explore when in a city. Imagine the thrill of exploring a city that has a good deal of history attached to it. Panaji, the busy capital city of Goa and the most sought-after beach destination in India, apart from its verdant beauty, impressive statues, brilliant churches, alluring palaces and defending forts, has an intriguing history that manifests itself in every inch and corner of this land. Although several rulers dominated the city, it was during the Portuguese rule that the place got its recognition. Even today, as you walk through the lanes of the city, you can perceive the indelible impression left by the Portuguese. If you are interested in knowing more about Panaji and its majestic history, read the article below.
History Of Panaji
The history of Panaji dates back to the beginning of the 11th century, when one of the greatest Kadamba king, Shasthadeva appointed Kalapa as the head of Panajim administration. It was during the reign of Kalapa that the city underwent many changes. The early inscriptions reveal that the place was originally known as Pahajani Khali. The name Panaji is a modern-day adaptation of Pahajani Khali, meaning breathtaking backwaters. In the past, like most other kingdoms in the southern India, Chalukyas, Kadambas and Satavahanas held their supremacy over this land. Even the Muslim ruler of Bijapur built several palaces in this place after establishing their administrative capital in Old Goa.
The conquest of Portuguese power in Goa was initiated by Alfonso-de-Albuquerque in early years of the 16th century. It was under his rule that the Portuguese established their supremacy in India. In later years, with their growing glory in the region, Portuguese took Panaji under their rule. It was during this period that the city witnessed a huge infrastructural and architectural growth. The various churches, forts and palaces that we get to see in and around Panaji were erected during this time. After the collapse of Old Goa due to a deadly epidemic, Portuguese shifted their capital to Panaji on March 22, 1843 and renamed the place as Panjim, which means a land that never floods. The grandeur of Panjim grew with Portuguese power.
After the success of operation Vijaya, the Portuguese rule in Panaji and rest of Goa came to end in 1961. From 1961 to 1987, the city remained as a capital of union territory of Goa, Diu and Daman. However, with the announcement of Goa as an independent state, Panaji became its capital city. Today, with its colonial charm and picturesque beauty, the city serves as major tourist hub in the country.