Location: Patna District, Bihar
Summers: 430 C (Maximum), 210 C (Minimum)
Winters: 200 C (Maximum), 60 C (Minimum)
Best Time to Visit: October to February
Nearest Airport: Patna Airport
Nearest Railhead: Patna Junction
Must Visits: Botanical and Zoological Garden, Harmandirji, Kumhrar, Jalan Museum, Agam Kuan and Patna Museum
Language Spoken: Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri, English, Maithili
STD Code: 0612
Patna is the capital of Bihar and the second largest city in the eastern region with an area of 3202 sq. km. It is the 5th fastest growing city in the country and the 21st fastest growing city of the world. Located at the south bank of river Ganga, Patna has a unique topography with the four rivers flowing in its vicinity. Patna has a subtropical humid climate where summers are very hot and winters are mild cold. The district receives an average rainfall of about 120 Cms. Historically speaking, Patna is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world. According to some historians, Patna has an impressive three millennium long history. This city has its name mentioned in ancient texts like Vedas, Puranas and the Mahabharata. Earlier known as Pataliputra, it was the capital of Magadha Empire. It remained the capital of many kingdoms and dynasties like Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Gupta, Pala and the Suri.
Patna forwards touristsa plethora of tourist attraction places, most popular of them being the Botanical and Zoological Garden, Harmandirji, Kumhrar, Jalan Museum, Agam Kuan and Patna Museum. Botanical and Zoological Garden is located at Baily road and contains numerous species of plants and animals. It also has an artificial lake for boating. This place is ideal for picnics. Agam Kuan is one of the early historic remains in Patna and is believed to be associated with Emperor Ashok. Patna Museum, built in year 1917 is one of the oldest museums in Bihar and is said to be holding 57,000 items of archeological importance and a big collection of 22,000 old coins. Jalan Museum is another noteworthy museum with important collections of antiques, Chinese paintings, Mughal glass and silver carvings. Yet another historically important place is the Kumhrar, an archeological excavation site, which has remains of ancient Pataliputra. Patna is also a place of religious importance. Harmandirji is one of the holy destinations of Sikh religion, as it is the birth place of the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singhji. Then there are number of mosques and temples too, some of the important ones being Sher Shah Suri Masjid, Stone Mosque and Sadakat Aashram.
This capital city is linked with the other cities of the country, through its well developed air, rail and road network. Patna Airport has regular flights that connect the city to the rest of the cities in the country. Apart from that, the city also has five railway stations and is well served by a network of well maintained roads. Patna boasts of a culture that is as broad as its history. Residents of Patna are the natives of the Bhojpur, Mithila, Vajj and Ang regions. Families are normally big and live together. "Khichdi" is the common staple food, along with rice and rotis. Patna is also famous for its sweet delicacies like Motichoor ka Ladoo, Kala Jamun, Kesaria Peda, Parwal ki Mithai. Patna is one of the oldest learning centres of the country. Patna University, established in 1917, is the oldest university in Bihar and seventh oldest in the country. With the opening and set up few noted institutes in the region, it is once again becoming the learning center of the region. These noted institutions include The Indian Institute of Technology, National Institute of Technology, and Birla Institute of Technology.
Best Time To Visit Patna
Like all other metropolitans, Patna too teems with huge structures, heavy traffic and big crowd. However, amidst the hubbub, the city upholds its heritage with elan. The interesting fusion of modern lifestyle with its historical past lends the city its own unique appeal.
History Of Patna
Going through the history of Patna is like turning the dusty, yellow colored, fragile and valuable pages of an ancient book that bears the imprints of different kingdoms that ruled the city. A nerve center of politics, art, literature, spiritualism and other cultural activities,
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Nestled among a slew of spiritual centers and many architectural masterpieces, the city of Patna is the birthplace for two most distinguished religions -- Buddhism and Jainism. The city shelters several historical sites, which are more than centuries old.
Places To See In Patna
Patna, nestled on the banks of River Ganges, is a hard place to miss out when you look at the map of India. The land that was once an abode to many powerful rulers and dynasties still carries an old world charm about it. Though commercialism has crept in Patna,
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Patna, the proud capital city of Bihar that stands gracefully on the southern side of Ganges, is a delightful place to visit and explore. A plethora of ancient monuments scattered within the city throws significant light on the rich historical legacy of the land.