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Cydonia Oblonga

Botanical Name(s): Cydonia Oblonga
Family Name: Rosaceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Maloideae, Spiraeoideae
Genus: Cydonia
Species: C. oblonga
Popular Name(s): Quince Seeds, Cydonian Apple, Elephant Apple, Maja Pahit, Pineapple Quince, Vilvam, Quitte, Bedana, Coing
Parts Used: Seeds
Habitat: Native to southwest and Central Asia.

Description
A small deciduous tree, Cydonia Oblonga, also known as quince, is often related to apples and bears and has a pome fruit just like them. The temperate tree is 5 to 8 meters tall and 4 to 6 meters wide. The fruit is green, with dense grey-white pubescence when immature and turns to bright golden yellow on maturity. The strongly-perfumed fruit is pear-shaped and 7 to 12 cm in length and 6 to 9 cm in breadth. The simple alternately arranged leaves are 6 to 11 cm in length, with an entire margin and fine white hair. The flowers are white or pink, with five petals in each flower and are produced in the spring. The quince is native to Persia, but was also cultivated in Greece and Turkey. Today, the herb is cultivated throughout the world. Turkey produces a quarter of the world’s total production of quinoa and thus, ranks first.

Plant Chemicals
(+)- oxalic acid, citric acid (13.6%), malic acid, quinic acid (72.2%), shikimic acid, fumaric acid, ascorbic acid, 3-caffeoylquinic acid, 5-caffeoylquinic acis, polymeric procyanidins.

Uses & Benefits of Cydonia Oblonga
Caution



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