Date of Birth: 13th November, 1911.
Date of Death: 10th December, 2001.
Education: Graduate (Presidency College, Kolkata).
Debut Film: "Jeevan Naiya"
Film Awards: Filmfare Best Actor Award for "Rakhi"
BFJA Best Actor for "Gumrah"
Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award for "Afsana "
Filmfare Best Actor Award for "Aashirwaad "
National Film Awards for Best Actor for "Aashirwaad "
BFJA Best Actor for "Aashirwaad "
Dadasaheb Phalke Award
Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award
Ashok Kumar started his career in films accidentally with the Bombay
Talkies film "Jeevan Naiya". The actor of the film "Jeevan
Naiya" ran away with lead female of the film, Devika Rani, who was
the wife of director of the film. Now the company needed a new hero for
the film. At that time Ashok Kumar was a laboratory assistant in the
same production company. The director and studio head, Himanshu Rai,
called Ashok Kumar to act in the film and thus began a six-decade-long
acting career. However, it was his subsequent venture with Devika Rani
in the film "Acchut Kanya " the same year that established him
as an actor in the film industry. The movie itself stands out as one of
the heralding social dramas of pre-independence Indian films. It was the
story of a Brahmin boy falling in love with a girl from lower caste, the
so called untouchables in Indian society. It was a big hit and started
the trend of socially committed films.
Thereafter Devika Rani and Ashok Kumar did a string of films suchas "Izzat",
"Savitri "and "Nirmala ". But Ashok Kumar's
performance was overshadowed by Devika Rani's acting as she was a bigger
star. Ashok Kumar came into his own with films like "Kangan", "Bandhan"
and "Jhoola" opposite Leela Chitnis. Ashok Kumar sang his own
songs in the films as it was custom at that time in the film industry.
Ashok Kumar gave several hits including the most famous "Main Ban
Ka Panchi" He was one of the first anti-heroes of Indian Cinema
with his role in the film "Kismet". This movie went on to
create a record for the highest grossing film in India at that time. He
was fondly called Dadamuni and produced several films for Bombay Talkies
including the famous "Mahal" in which he co-starred with
Madhubala. In the late 1960s he switched to character roles playing the
parent, grandparent and dirty old man.
He paired up with the queen of tragedy and one of the best actresses
ever seen in Bollywood, Meena Kumari, in more than a dozen films such as
"Parineeta", "Bahu Begum", "Pakeezah", "Ek
Hi Raasta", "Bandish", and "Aarti". Ashok Kumar
also appeared on television, most famously anchoring the first Indian
soap opera 'Hum Log 'and also appeared as the title character in the
unforgettable 'Bahadur Shah Zafar'. His last film was "Aankhon Mein
Tum Ho "in 1997.
Lakshya, Rudraksh, Agni Varsha, Anthahpuram, Aankhon Mein Tum Ho,
Dushman Duniya Ka, Return Of Jewel Thief, Beqabu, Yun Hi Kabhi, Aansoo
Bane Angaarey, Humla, Maut Ki Saza, Majboor, Jaan-E-Wafa, Mamta Ki
Chhaon Mein, Clerk, Dana Pani, Sachai Ki Taqat, Inteqam, Hifazat, Awaam,
Mr India, Jawab Hum Denge, Pyar Ki Jeet, Woh Din Aayega, Dahleez,
Shatru, Pyar Kiya Hai Pyar Karenge, Ram Tera Desh, Amma, Qatl, Beggar,
Inteqam Ki Aag, Tawaif, Durga, Grahasthi, Phir Aayee Barsat, Ek Daku
Shaher Mein, Bhago Bhoot Aaya, Farz Ki Keemat, Duniya, Akalmand,
Farishta, Raja Aur Rana, Haadsa, Dard Ka Rishta, Chor Police, Mahaan,
Prem Tapasya, Pasand Apni Apni, Bekrar, Love In Goa, Shakti, Mehandi
Rang Layegi, Heeron Ka Chor, Janta Hawaldaar, Bagula Bhagat,
Prayashchit, Dil Aur Deewar, Apna Khoon, Do Musafir, Tumhare Liye, Chor
Ke Ghar Chor, Anpadh, Phool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan, Do Phool, Anmol
Tasveer, Chala Murari Hero Banane, Heera Aur Patthar, Dream Girl,
Mazdoor Zindabad, Anand Ashram, Jadu Tona, Anurodh Safed Jhooth, Mastan
Dada, Khatta Meetha, Bhanwar, Hum Tum Aur Who, Rakhi Aur Hathkadi, Dil
Daulat Duniya, Garam Masala, Purab Aur Pashcim Ganga Tera Pani Amrit,
Door Ka Raahi, Aradhana, Jewel Thief, Chitralekha, Gumrah , Kanoon, Dark
Street, Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi, Howrah Bridge, Night Club, Talash ,
Kangan, Vachan, Nirmala, Izzat, Prem Kahani, Savitri, Jeevan Naiya,
Achhut Kanya and Janmabhoomi.