Tattoos IloveIndia
Indian Tortoise comprises of a number of subspecies. Know about the types of tortoise in India.


Indian tortoise belongs to the Testudines Order and, like turtles, has a shell as its protective covering. It has both an endoskeleton as well as an exoskeleton. The length of a tortoise varies between a few centimeters and two meters. Infact, the growth of a tortoise depends upon the amount of food and water it eats. On an abundant supply of food, it may grow to quite a large size.

The tortoise found in India is diurnal and, depending upon the ambient temperatures, may become crepuscular also. It is shy by nature and tends to avoid humans as far as possible.

Tortoise is basically herbivorous and survives on grasses, weeds, leafy greens, flowers, and certain fruits. It also consumes alfalfa, clover, dandelions, and leafy weeds.

Mating Behavior
Indian Tortoise Female tortoise digs holes before laying eggs. The eggs, numbering somewhere around twelve, are laid in the holes itself. The incubation period lasts for 90 to 120 days and the hatchlings start eating solid food in about 3 to 7 days.

Types of Tortoise in India
The following types of tortoise can be found in the Indian subcontinent:

Indian Star Tortoise
Indian Star Tortoise is found in the dry areas and scrub forest of India and Sri Lanka.

Elongated Tortoise
Elongated Tortoise inhabits the areas of Jalpaiguri, East Bengal, and Singhbhum (Bihar).

Travancore Tortoise
Travancore Tortoise occupies the Western Ghats of the Indian subcontinent.

Brown Tortoise or Asian Forest Tortoise
The Brown Tortoise, also known as Asian Forest Tortoise or Mountain Tortoise, is seen in the state of Assam.

Three-keeled land Tortoise
This tortoise mainly lives in the Ganges and Brahmaputra drainages of northeastern India.

Indian Tortoise Facts

Kingdom : Animalia
Class : Reptilia
Order : Testudines
Suborder : Cryptodira
Super family : Testudinoidea
Family : Testudinidae
Clutch Size : Around twelve
Incubation Period : 90 days to 120 days