Famous for its iconic rock-cut caves of Ajanta and Ellora, Aurangabad has earned itself quite a distinction in Indian history. A trip to this spectacular city leaves you stunned with its impressive spate of monuments, caves, religious festivals and authentic food that amplifies its attractions to the hilt. Thus, if you want to feel the rich essence of the royal past, there is no better place than Aurangabad. From centuries old temple to beautiful Mughal monuments to the mesmerizing caves of Ajanta and Ellora, every piece of architecture narrates you the exquisiteness and glory of the land. Although the land was dominated by several Hindu rulers in the past, the city underwent rapid growth under the glorious rule of Mughals. Many of the shrines and age old walls of the city built by Aurangzeb depict the splendor of Mughal architecture. The beautiful amalgam of historical sites with cosmopolitan culture surely makes the place a must visit tourist destination. To know more about Aurangabad and its majestic history go through the article below.
Formerly, Aurangabad was home to many noted dynasties including Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Rastrakutas and Yadavas. Among the Hindu rulers, the Mauryans left a lasting impression on the historical and religious background of the place. It was during their reign that a plethora of Buddhist cave temples were erected in and around the place. The world famous Ajanta and Ellora caves of the place are admired even today for their beautiful amalgam of Hindu, Jain and Buddhist architecture.
Spectacular Muslim Rule
Under the Muslim rule, Aurangabad experienced a spectacular growth. Some of the noted Muslim rulers who dominated the place were Tughluqs, Mughals and Nizams of Ahmedabad and Hyderabad. The glory of Muslims started with Malik Ambar, the prime minister of Ahmednagar. As a successor, his son Fateh Khan established his kingdom here and named it as Fatehpur in 1626. Attracted by the strategic location of Fatehpur, Mohammad Bin Tughlaq tried to shift his capital from Delhi to this city. With time, Fatehpur came under the reign of Aurangzeb who changed its name to Aurangabad in 1653. Acknowledging the supreme power of Maratha rulers, Aurangzeb used Aurangabad as his weapon to suppress the rising rule of Shivaji. However after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, Nizams of Hyderabad took over the control of the city. The legendary Nizams maintained and controlled the city until it was merged with Maharashtra in 1956.
Great Revolt Of 1857
With the rising power of British in India, people across the country revolted against the colonial power, demanding more freedom, democratic powers, social and political reforms. Just like any other part of India, Aurangabad experienced the heat of 1857 revolt, which is often known as first war of Indian Independence. Aurangabad being one of the important cities in history, the place experienced a number of military disturbances during this time.