Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the South-Indian state of Kerala. It is also known as the Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary and was set up in the year 1973. Later, the sanctuary was declared as a national park. Wayand National Park of India is spread over an area of 344 sq km and forms a part of the Wayanad Plateau. It occupies area in two districts of Kerala. The northern part of the Wayand National Park falls under Cannanore district, while the southern area comes under Calicut district.
The term 'Wayanad' literally means the 'land of swamps'. Wayand
Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala forms a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere
Reserve. The sanctuary was set up with the aim of inventing scientific
conservation methods, which will be in harmony with the traditional
lifestyle of the tribals living in this region. The best time to visit
Wayand National Park of India comprises of the months of June to
The terrain of the Wayanad National Park comprises mainly of moist
deciduous forests. These forests mainly consist of Teak, Maruthu,
Karimaruthi, Rosewood, Venteak, Vengal, Chadachi, Mazhukanjiram and
Bamboo tress. The semi-evergreen patches of the park have Veteria
Indica, Lagerstroemia, Lanceolta, Terminalia Paniculata, etc.
The most popular wild animals of Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary of India
consist of Tigers, Elephants, Panthers, Civet Cats, Jungle Cats, Deer,
Wild Dogs, Bisons, Sloth Bears, Monkeys, etc.
Monitor lizards and a variety of snakes can be seen inhabiting the
Wayand National Park.
The most common bird species of Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary of India
are Peacocks, Woodpeckers, Jungle Fowls, Cuckoos, Owls, Babblers, etc.
How to Reach Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary
By Air : The nearest airport is at Calicut.
By Rail : A good network of railways connects Wayanad with the
other parts of India.
By Road : There are frequent buses as well as taxis to and from