Ranthambore National Park forms a part of the Sawai Madhopur District of Rajasthan. The park is nestled on the intersection of the Aravalli hill range and the Vindhya hill range. Ranthambore gained recognition as a wildlife sanctuary in the year 1957 and came under the 'Project Tiger' in 1974. However, it was only in 1981 that the sanctuary got elevated to the status of a national park. Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary of Rajasthan once served as the hunting preserve of the Maharajas of Jaipur.
It is spread over an area of 400 sq km, which goes upto 500 sq km when
the area of Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary is also included in it. The
sanctuary remains open from October to June every year. Bounded by
Chambal River in the south and Banas River in the north, Ranthambhore
Tiger Reserve of India comprises of six manmade lakes, which serve as
the major source of water for the animals as well as the birds.
Dotting the landscape of the Ranthambhore Wildlife Sanctuary of India
are numerous water bodies. Colossal rock formations, sharp scarps,
perpetual lakes and streams and forests form the topography of the
sanctuary. The vegetation, comprising of more than 300 species of trees,
is mainly of the dry deciduous type. Banyan, Pipal and Dhok trees, along
with, clusters of mango trees, form a major portion of the tree cover.
The terrain keeps varying between impenetrable forests and open bush
The major tourist attraction of the Ranthambore National Park of
Rajasthan comprises of its significant population of tigers. The other
animals to be seen here include Leopards, Striped Hyenas, Sambar,
Chital, Nilgai, Macaques, Jackals, Black bucks, Rufous-tailed Hare,
Chinkara, Desert Cats, Five-striped Palm Squirrels, Indian False
Vampires, Indian Flying Foxes, Indian Porcupines, Small Indian Mongoose,
The reptiles found at Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve comprise of Banded and
Common Kraits, Desert Monitor Lizards, Cobras, North Indian Flap Shelled
Turtles, Rat Snakes, Snub Nosed Marsh Crocodiles, Tortoise, Indian
Pythons, Russell's Vipers, Saw-scaled Vipers, etc. Common Frog and
Common Indian Toad are the only amphibians that can be found here.
Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary is home to approximately 272 species of
birds, both resident as well as migratory.
How to Reach Ranthambore National Park
By Air: The nearest airports fall in the city of Jaipur and
By Rail: Sawai Madhopur railway station is the closest to
By Road: Buses as well as taxis regularly ply between
Ranthambore and Sawai Madhopur.