Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is situated in the desert state of Rajasthan. It is one of the most famous wildlife sanctuaries in India and is like a heaven for bird lovers. Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary is also the only sanctuary of India that was created artificially. Maharaja of Bharatpur got an artificial lake and dam constructed to store the water brought by the annual floods in this area. This dam gradually turned into an ecosystem, where the maharaja started coming for hunting. In the year 1982, this hunting preserve was awarded the status of a national park.
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary was declared as a World Heritage Site by
UNESCO in 1985. The national park serves as home to over 300 species of
birds, both resident and migratory. One can also find a number of wild
animals inhabiting the park. Bharatpur bird sanctuary is also known by
the name of Keoladeo Ghana National Park, after the Lord Shiva temple
situated inside its premises. The best time to visit the park is from
August to November (for watching resident birds) and October to February
(for watching migratory birds).
The terrain of the Bharatpur National Park is made up of scrubland and
grassland, along with marshes. One can also find large-scale cultivation
of acacias inside the park, which was carried out under an afforestation
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary of India serves as the second home of the
Siberian Cranes in winters. A large number of birds also visit the
sanctuary from Central Asia as well as other parts of the world. These
include Ducks, Larks, Wagtails, Eagles, Cranes, Flycatchers, Hawks,
Geese, Wheatears, Shanks, Pipits, Pelicans, Stints, Buntings, Warblers,
The wild animals found inside Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary of Rajasthan
include Sambar, Chital, Jackal, Nilgai, Hyena, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat,
Wild Boar, Blackbuck, etc.
Other Attractions at Bharatpur