The topography of Indian subcontinent is so varied that it supports a wide variety of wildlife. There is a huge population of animals as well as birds living in the wild regions of the country. However, the threat of poaching, along with habitat loss, has led to a rapid decline in the population of wild animals. To reverse this trend, numerous national parks as well as wildlife sanctuaries have been set up in India. These parks and sanctuaries are serving as the natural abode of the majority of wildlife and helping in the augmentation of their population. In the following lines, we have covered almost each and every famous Indian national park and wildlife sanctuary:
Bandhavgarh National Park
Bandhavgarh National Park is spread across the Vindhya hills of Madhya
Pradesh, over a coverage area of approximately 437 sq km. The topography
of the park is characterized by sharp ridges, surging forests and open
Bandipur National Park
Bandipur National Park is situated on the Mysore-Ooty Highway, at the
confluence of Deccan Plateau and Western Ghat Mountains. The wildlife
park falls under the Chamarajanagar district of the South-Indian state
Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas
and comes under the state of Uttaranchal. The park was established in
the year 1936 and at that point of time, it was known as the Hailey
Dachigam National Park
Dachigam National Park is situated in the state of Jammu and Kashmir,
at a distance of approximately 22 km from the Srinagar district. It is
spread over an area of 141 sq km and boasts of some of the most
beautiful locales in the country.
Desert National Park
Desert National Park is located in the Jaisalmer city of Rajasthan.
Stretching in the Thar Desert, over an area of 3150 sq km, the park
serves as the perfect example of its ecosystem.
Dudhwa National Park
Dudhwa National Park falls under the Lakhimpur-Kheri district of Uttar
Pradesh. It is situated along the India-Nepal border, in the foothills
of the Himalayas. Spread over an area of 490 sq km, the park stands
bounded by Indo-Nepal border in north and by Suheli River in the south.
Gir National Park
Gir National Park, established in the Junagarh district of Gujarat, is
spread over an area of 1412 sq km. The park holds the distinction of
being the only natural habitat of Asiatic Lions in the whole world.
Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park is one of the most famous habitats of the tiger in
the whole world. The park is situated amongst the Banjar and Halon
valleys of the state of Madhya Pradesh.
Keoladeo Ghana National
Keoladeo Ghana National Park, situated in the Bharatpur city of
Rajasthan, is one of the major attractions of India. There is an
interesting story behind the establishment of this park.
Manas National Park
Manas National Park of India boasts of amazing wildlife as well as
picturesque beauty. The park is situated in the Kamrup district of the
northeastern state of Assam.
Nagarhole National Park
Nagarhole National Park is situated at a distance of approximately 96
km from the Mysore city of Karnataka. Sharing its boundary with Bandipur
National Park, the park covers an area of approximately 643 km.
Nanda Devi National Park
Nanda Devi National Park is situated in the Chamoli district of
Uttaranchal. One of the most magnificent backwoods of the Himalayas, the
park rises to an altitude of 2,400 to 6,817 m.
Periyar National Park
Periyar National Park lies nestled in the Western Ghats, falling in the
Idukki district of Kerala. The lake that constitutes a major portion of
the park came into existence after a dam was constructed on the Periyar
River, in the year 1895.
Rajaji National Park
Rajaji National Park is situated in the state of Uttaranchal, now known
as Uttarakhand. The picturesque beauty and rich biodiversity of the park
serve as its major attractions for both nature lovers as well as
Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park forms a part of the Sawai Madhopur District
of Rajasthan. The park is nestled on the intersection of the Aravalli
hill range and the Vindhya hill range.
Sariska National Park
Sariska National Park lies nestled in the Aravali Hill ranges of
Rajasthan. One of the most popular national parks of India, Sariska
falls under the Alwar district. Once the hunting reserve of the royal
family of Alwar, Sariska was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in the
Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
Sultanpur National Park falls under the Gurgaon district of Haryana. It
is situated on the Gurgaon-Farukh Nagar Road, at a distance of
approximately 50 km from Delhi and 15 km from Gurgaon.
Sundarbans National Park
Sundarbans National Park forms a part of the largest delta created by
the Ganga and Brahmaputra Rivers. Its core area is made up of the
largest mangrove forest in the world.
Valley of Flowers National Park
Valley of Flowers National Park is nestled in the Himalayan ranges of
Uttaranchal. The park spreads over an area of 87.50 sq km and was
declared as a national park in the year 1982.
of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary
Little Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary is situated at a distance of
approximately 93 km from the Ahmedabad city of Gujarat. Spread over an
area of approximately 4950 sq km, the sanctuary counts amongst one of
the largest wildlife sanctuaries in India.
Mudumalai National Park
Mudumalai National Park is situated in the state of Tamil Nadu,
stretching over the forest belt between the Western Ghats and the
Nilgiri Mountains. While crossing the highway connecting Mysore and
Ooty, you will come across this picturesque park, which comes under the
Nilgiri district of the state.
Mukurthi National Park
Mukurthi National Park is situated in the Nilgiri district of Tamil
Nadu, at a distance of approximately 27 km from Ooty. It lies on the
southeastern corner of the elevated Nilgiri Plateau and is a part of the
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the South-Indian state of
Kerala. It is also known as the Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary and was set
up in the year 1973. Later, the sanctuary was declared as a national