Dachigam National Park is situated in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, at a distance of approximately 22 km from the Srinagar district. It is spread over an area of 141 sq km and boasts of some of the most beautiful locales in the country. Dachigam Wildlife Sanctuary of Kashmir was set up in the year 1910, under the management of the Maharaja of Jammu & Kashmir. The upgradation of the sanctuary to the status of a national park took place in the year 1981.
The wide variation in the altitude of Dachigam Wildlife Sanctuary of
India, from 5500 ft to 14000 ft, has led to its division into two parts,
upper region and lower region. The upper region, known as Upper
Dachigam, faces extremely harsh winters and is best visited in the
months of May to August. Lower Dachigam can be visited any time of the
year. But, it is best to go there in the months of September to
December. You need to take a permit from the chief Wildlife Warden
before visiting the park.
Flanked by high ridges on both the sides, Dachigam National Park of
India is situated amidst the western Himalayas. The landscape of the
park ranges from gently sloping grasslands to sharp rocky outcrops and
cliffs. The mountainsides are covered with coniferous forests, dotted
with alpine pastures, surging meadows, waterfalls and scrub vegetation.
The grasslands and meadows stand covered with beautiful flowers
throughout the year, except the winter season. Marsar Lake, running
through the Dachigam Wildlife Sanctuary of Kashmir, is the perfect place
to catch trout fish. The wild trees found in the park comprise of Oak,
Apricot, Poplar, Wild Cherry, Birch, Walnut, Pear, Elm, Plum, Apple,
Chestnut, Willow, Chinar, Pine and Peach.
Dachigam National Park of Jammu & Kashmir is the last proper
habitat of the Hangul, also known as the Kashmir Stag. While visiting
this park, you may also come across Musk Deer, Langur, Himalayan Brown
Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Leopard, Himalayan Marmot, etc.
Dachigam National Park provides home to as many as 150 species of
birds. The most popular ones include Black Bulbul, Golden Eagle, Bearded
Vulture, Griffon Vulture, Peregrine Falcon, Paradise Flycatcher, Western
Yellow-Billed Blue Magpie, Golden Oriole, Grey Heron, Koklas, etc. The
best time to enjoy the rich bird life of the park is from March to May.
How to Reach Dachigam National Park
By Air: The nearest airport is situated in Srinagar
By Rail: The railway station of Jammu is the closest to Dachigam
By Road: The nearest road-link from Dachigam is that of Srinagar