Indian Stump-tailed macaque, also known as Bear macaque, is known by the scientific name of Macaca arctoides. It can reach upto a length of 70 cm, at the maximum, excluding the tail that may grow upto 8 cm in length. Indian Stump-tailed macaques weigh 6 to 13 kg and may live as long as 30 years.
Bear macaque of India has a strong and muscular body. Its coat is
covered with fur, which is dark brown in color. The tail of a
Stump-tailed macaque is short and hairless. Even the face is devoid of
any hair and is mottled with varying amounts of black and red skin. The
young ones are born with red fur and as they grow, their fur starts
turning into brown.
The natural habitat of Stump-tailed macaques consists of lowland
forests, monsoon forests, dry forests and mountain forests of India,
which are upto 2000 m in altitude. They mainly inhabit Southern China
and Southeast Asia, comprising of China, India, Myanmar, Bangladesh,
Malaysia and Thailand.
Bear macaque of India mainly survives on a diet of fruits, leaves and
Stump-tailed macaques are gregarious primates, living in multi-male,
multi-female groups. The groups follow strong matrilineal hierarchies,
with the average group size comprising of 20 to 50 members. They are
mainly diurnal creatures, which spend their time in trees as well as on
The gestation period of Stump-tailed macaque is between 166 days and
185 days, after which a single young one is born.
Stump-tailed macaques are listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN.
Facts about Stump Tailed Macaque