Assam Macaque is a diurnal primate, which inhabits the regions stretching from Nepal to Vietnam and Southern China. It is yellowish to dark brown in color and has a hairless face. The color of the face is red in case of adults. Assam Macaques are also known by the name of Himalayan Macaque and Hill Monkeys in India. They are 50 to 73 cm in length and their tail, about 1/3rd of the body, is 19 to 38 cm long. Males, weighing around 10 to 14.5 kg, are heavier than females (8 to 12 kg).
Highly gregarious creatures, Hill Monkeys of India prefer to live in
groups. The group usually consists of both males as well as females,
with the number of members ranging from 10 to 50. They spend their time
either on the ground or in the trees.
As far as their natural habitat is concerned, Assam macaques prefer
mountain, evergreen, bamboo and deciduous dry forest of India, at an
altitude ranging from 300 m to 3500 m. They are found only in India,
Nepal, Vietnam and southern China.
Himalayan Macaque mainly eats fruits, leaves, invertebrates and
The gestation period of Assam macaques is around 165 days. The single
young one, born at the end of the gestation period, has a weight of
approximately 400 gm at the time of birth.
Assam macaques of India have been classified as Vulnerable by the 2000
IUCN Red List.
Subspecies of Assam Macaque