The main conservation efforts taken in context of the clouded leopards in the Indian subcontinent relate to the captive breeding program. Irrespective of the fact that during the initial stages of the program the success rate was quite low, the efforts in this regard were continued. One of the reasons that led to the failure was that the female leopards faced a lot of aggression from the males. Since the period of courtship is largely ignored in the wild, its existence in captivity proved to be a negative factor.
Experience provided the conductors with a solution to this problem.
Before the breeding program begins, the pair of clouded leopards is
carefully chosen so that they have no problem in adjusting with each
other. Thereafter, they are provided with enough opportunities to bond
with each other and breed successfully. However, throughout the period,
the meeting opportunities are carefully regulated so as to prevent both
of the leopards from getting harmed. The other essential requirements of
successful conservation efforts for leopards in India include a proper
The enclosures where they are kept are properly designed to resemble
their natural habitat as much as possible. Efforts are made to provide
the leopards with adequate space, climbing facilities, etc. Even their
diet is properly taken care of. Apart from the breeding program, efforts
are also being made to stop the rapid decline in the population of the
wild cats. A ban has been imposed on their hunting. In countries like
Thailand, clouded leopards have been radio collared and their
territorial movements are being constantly monitored.