Mugger crocodile belongs to the Crocodylidae Family and is scientifically known as Crocodylus palustris. Adult Mugger crocodiles of India are bright olive in color, while the young ones are on the paler side. The entire body is spotted with black and scaled. Outer toes as well as fingers are webbed at the base.
Other Common Names
Mugger crocodiles of India are known by a number of other names also,
like Iranian crocodiles, Marsh crocodiles, Indian Swamp crocodiles and
Marsh crocodile is a freshwater species, which primarily occupies
Indian lakes, rivers and marshes. It prefers slow-moving, shallower
bodies of water and may be found in man-made reservoirs and irrigation
canals also. Occasionally, the Mugger crocodiles of India may inhabit
Mugger crocodile is found inhabiting India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka,
Pakistan, Nepal, Iran and probably Indo-China. Infact, it is the most
commonly found crocodile of the Indian subcontinent and the only
crocodile found in Iran and Pakistan.
Indian Mugger crocodile has adapted itself to the terrestrial life very
skillfully. Infact, it is believed to be more mobile on land and can
move over substantial distances while finding a more suitable habitat.
Marsh crocodile of India is known to dig burrows as shelters during the
Marsh crocodile is carnivorous and survives on fish, other reptiles and
small and large mammals. In rare cases, it may attack humans.
Male muggers attain maturity at around 10 years of age, while for
females the maturity age is six years. They make holes in the ground
during the dry season of December to February, to serve as nests. The
female usually lays 25 to 30 eggs and the incubation period lasts for 55
to 75 days. It is usually the female who guards the nest, opens it and
transports hatchlings to the water in her mouth.
Facts about Mugger Crocodile