Indian tortoise belongs to the Testudines Order and, like turtles, has a shell as its protective covering. It has both an endoskeleton as well as an exoskeleton. The length of a tortoise varies between a few centimeters and two meters. Infact, the growth of a tortoise depends upon the amount of food and water it eats. On an abundant supply of food, it may grow to quite a large size.
The tortoise found in India is diurnal and, depending upon the ambient
temperatures, may become crepuscular also. It is shy by nature and tends
to avoid humans as far as possible.
Tortoise is basically herbivorous and survives on grasses, weeds, leafy
greens, flowers, and certain fruits. It also consumes alfalfa, clover,
dandelions, and leafy weeds.
Female tortoise digs holes before laying eggs. The eggs, numbering
somewhere around twelve, are laid in the holes itself. The incubation
period lasts for 90 to 120 days and the hatchlings start eating solid
food in about 3 to 7 days.
Types of Tortoise in India
The following types of tortoise can be found in the Indian
Indian Star Tortoise
Indian Star Tortoise is found in the dry areas and scrub forest of
India and Sri Lanka.
Elongated Tortoise inhabits the areas of Jalpaiguri, East Bengal, and
Travancore Tortoise occupies the Western Ghats of the Indian
Brown Tortoise or Asian Forest Tortoise
The Brown Tortoise, also known as Asian Forest Tortoise or Mountain
Tortoise, is seen in the state of Assam.
Three-keeled land Tortoise
This tortoise mainly lives in the Ganges and Brahmaputra drainages of
Indian Tortoise Facts