Magadha Empire lasted from 684 B.C - 320 B.C in India. The two great epics Ramayana and Mahabharata mention the Magadha Empire. It is said that the Shishunaga dynasty founded the Magadha Empire. Some of the greatest empires and religions of India originated here. The Gupta Empire and Mauryan Empire started here. The great religions, Buddhism and Jainism were founded in Magadha Empire. Read on to know about the history of Magadh Empire.
Magadha Empire gained much power and importance during the rule of King
Bimbisara and his son and successor Ajatshatru. Bimbisara is said to
have been murdered by his son Ajatshatru. The Magadha Empire in India
extended in the modern day Bihar and Patna and some parts of Bengal.
Magadha Empire was a part of the 16 Mahajanapadas. The empire extended
up to River Ganges and the kingdoms of Kosala and Kashi were annexed.
The places that came under the Magadha Empire were mostly republican in
nature and the administration was divided into judicial, executive and
The Magadha Empire fought gruesome battles with most of its neighbors.
They had advanced forms of weaponry andthe opposed forces did not stand
a chance against them. Ajatshatru even built a huge fort at his capital
Pataliputra. This was the place that Buddha prophesized would become a
popular place of trade and commerce. With an unmatched military force,
the Magadha Empire naturally had an upper hand over conquering
neighborhood places and spreading the territory. This is what made it a
major part of the 16 Mahajanapadas.
However, after the death of King Udayan, the Magadha Empire started to
decline very rapidly. Internal disturbances and corruption within the
kingdom led to its decline. The Magadha Empire was finally taken over by
the powerful Nanda dynasty who then ruled here for a good amount of time
before being taken over by the Mauryas.