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Black Nightshade

Botanical Name(s): Solanum Nigrum
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum L.
Species: Solanum nigrum L.
Popular Name(s): Makoy, Deadly Nightshade, Garden Nightshade, Kakamachi
Parts Used: Fruits, whole plant
Habitat: Grown as a weed in all the dry parts of India

Black nightshade is a short-lived perennial herb that is native to Eurasia. Its erect, angular, branching stem grows 1 to 2 feet high and may be glabrous or covered with inward-bent hair. The leaves are alternate, dark-green, ovate, and wavy-toothed or nearly entire. Its fruit is a many-seeded, pea-sized, purple or black berry. The herb has been used in early Ayurvedic practices, when it was combined with other ingredients to make herbal medicine for heart disease. Early Ayurveda had also stated that the berries from the plant could be eaten safely, though they are now believed to be poisonous. The herb seems to have been only used by the Greeks on inflamed parts, as a local application.

Uses & Benefits of Black Nightshade