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Nut Grass

Botanical Name(s): Cyperus Rotundus
Family Name: Cperaceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Cyperus
Species: C. rotundus
Popular Name(s): Coco Grass, Purple Nut Sedge, Red Nut Sedge, Mustaka.
Parts Used: Rhizomes
Habitat: Weed found all over India.

Nut grass is a perennial shrub that attains a height of up to 40 cm. it has a dark green thin stem and the leaves are long and sharp, with a width of 1/6 to 1/3 inch. While the flower stem has a triangular cross-section, the flower is 2 to 8 inch in length, has three-stamina and a three-stigma carpel. It is also bisexual. The plant bears flowers in summer and fruits in winter. It has tuberous roots or rhizomes that are fragrant. The plant is native to Africa, southern and central Europe and southern Asia. It is found throughout India. Common Indian names of the herb are motha and nagarmotha in Hindi, mustak in Sanskrit and motha in Gujarati.

Plant Chemicals
(+)- aromatic oil (0.5-0.6%), stable oil, alkaloids, minerals, vitamins, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, carbonates, sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, epoxides, ketones, monoterpene, aliphatic alcohols, cyperene, seniline, cyperenone, sesquiterpenes cyperone, luteolin, auresidin, cyperene-1, cyperene-2, muskatone, patchoulenone, rotuno, kobusone, isokobusone, selinene, saponon-olenolic acid-3-0 neohesperidoside (I).

Uses & Benefits of Nut Grass