About Dayanand Saraswati
The founder of Arya Samaj (the Society of Nobles), Swami Dayanand
Saraswati was one of the greatest religious leaders ever born in India.
He was responsible, to some an extent, in bringing back the age-old
teaching tradition of 'Gurukul'. He advocated for the equal right of
women and condemned practices such as untouchability, animal sacrifice,
idol worship, etc.
Born as Mool Shankar Tiwari to a pious Gujarati couple in 1824, Mool
Shankar had an inquisitive mind, and a compassionate nature from his
childhood. Once on a Shivaratri festival day, which is observed by
fasting and keeping awake the whole night in obedience to Lord Shiva, he
saw a mouse dancing on the Shivalinga idol. He tried to find out from
elders why this "God Almighty" could not defend himself
against the menace of a petty mouse, for which he was rebuked! The
sudden death of a favorite uncle, and his beloved sister caused much
turmoil in Mool Shankar. He became quite detached from the world, and
one day left home, incognito in search of a guru.
The search was long and arduous. Finally, at the age of thirty-six he
found his mentor in Virajananda Saraswati, who was blind, but was a
master of the ancient lore. The training was rigorous, and the guru was
ruthless. But here was a disciple of a lifetime. As the teacher's fee
(gurudakshina -- also has a sacred connotation in Hindu thought; it
cannot be denied) he wanted his student to devote his life for the
revival of Hinduism. The guru called him Dayananda.
Philosophy of Swami Dayananda Saraswati
Dayanand Sarasvati believed that the Vedas were perfect and infallible.
Dayananda advocated the doctrine of karma, skepticism in dogma, and
emphasised the ideals of brahmacharya (celibacy and devotion to God).
Arya Samaj or the 'Society of Nobles' is a Hindu reform movement,
founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswati in the year 1875. The main
principles, on which Arya Samaj is based, condemn