Mantra is a religious or mystical syllable or poem, typically from the Sanskrit language. Mantras are primarily used as spiritual conduits, words or vibrations that inculcate concentration in the devotee. Mantras are also integrated in religious rituals to remove obstacles, avoid danger, reduce foes, or accumulate wealth. Mantras got their origin from the Vedas of India.
Mantra - The Word
The word "Mantra" has been derived from Sanskrit. Mantra
contains two words - "man" which means "to think"
(also in manas "mind") and suffix "tra" which means "tool",
hence a literal translation would be "instrument of thought".
A mantra is a powerful word or phrase that may or may not have meaning
in the same way as a sentence.
What is Mantra?
Mantras are single or strung together syllables. It is important to
pronounce the mantra properly with an understanding of its meaning.
Improper pronunciation of Mantra can inflict losses. So, one should be
careful while chanting mantra.
Mantras are energy-based sounds. The Indian metaphysical tradition
explains that the body is composed of the combination of five elements
and the first of them is sound. Studies in sound symbolism suggest that
vocal sounds have meaning whether we are aware of it or not. And
certainly there can be multiple layers of symbolism associated with each
sound. So even, if we do not understand them, mantras are not
meaningless; no vocal utterance is entirely without meaning.
One's subconscious mind can find its solution through meditation and
recitation of mantras. A mantra, when repeated constantly during
meditation, first loudly and then through silent and mental chanting,
changes the consciousness.
The Basic Mantra - Aum
In Hindu Mythology, the most basic mantra is Aum, which is known as the
"pranava mantra", the source of all mantras. Aum is regarded
to be the most fundamental and powerful mantra. Aum represents the first
manifestation of Brahman, the Supreme reality. Thus, Aum is prefixed and
suffixed to all Hindu prayers.
Verses (Sloka) from holy Hindu texts like the Vedas, Upanishads,
Bhagavad-Gita, Mahabharata , Ramayana, Durga Saptashati or Chandi are
considered powerful enough to be repeated to great effect, and therefore
have attained the status of a mantra. As per the Vedic practices, most
ancient techniques and classical Hinduism, mantra is symbolized as a
requisite for spiritual advancement and high attainment.
Lord Brahma is the originator and the generator of the mankind. Brahma represents the universal mind, as creation is the work of the mind and the intellect. Lord Brahma is considered as the "Brahm", the Supreme God.
Lord Dhanwantari is regarded as the god of ayurvedic medicine (Ayurveda) in the Hindu religion. People pray to Dhanvantari, asking him for improved or good health for themselves and for others. Dhanvantri Mantra forms the part of prayers offered to the lord. Mantra of Dhanwantari with its meaning is as follows:
Durga (Shakti / Devi) is one of the most popular goddesses among the Hindu people. Devi represents strength, morality, power and protection. Goddess Durga is the divine mother, who protects people from evil forces of selfishness, jealousy, hatred, anger and ego.
Lord Ganesha is the lord of beginnings, as per the Hindu mythology. Shri Ganesh is the remover of obstacles. Hindu God Ganesha represents wisdom, intellect and knowledge. God Ganesha is the most worshipped God of the Hindu religion. People worship Ganesha before starting any work to ensure hassle-free work.
Lord Hanuman is considered to be an incarnation of Lord Shiva. Shri Hanuman is the epitome of sincere devotion and dedication, being a great disciple of Lord Rama. Sri Hanuman is a celibate god, who represents strength, divinity, courage and devotion.
Hare Krishna Mantra
Hare Krishna Mantra is considered as the mahamantra (Ultimate prayer) of Kaliyuga (The Dark Age). Kaliyuga refers to the present era of machine, where truth and morality are at their lowest level.
Maha Kali is the fiercest form of Shakti or Durga, in the Hindu religion. Goddess Kali is the destroyer of evil. But Kali is also a compassionate mother who loves her sincere children. Kali is usually worshipped by tantriks to achieve "siddhis". Kali is the slayer of ego as well. Maha Kali Mantra forms part of the prayers offered to the goddess.
Lord Krishna is one of the most popular and worshipped deities of the Hindu religion. Krishna represents strength, beauty, knowledge and opulence. Shri Krishna is the very embodiment of love and divine ecstasy that destroys all pain and offense. Shri Krishna Mantra forms the part of prayers offered to the lord.
Kuber is regarded as the god of wealth, in Hindu mythology. Lord Kubera is also known as the god of yakshas (savage beings). Kubera is always remembered with the goddess of fortune, Lakshmi.
Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth, luxury, beauty, power, generosity and auspiciousness. Maha Lakshmi is claimed to fulfill the promises of material, wealth and contentment. Goddess Lakshmi represents fortune, purity, courage and fertility. Maha Lakshmi Mantra forms the part of prayers offered to the lord.
Mantras are powerful sounds and when chanted with devotion produce enormous effects. Mantras are well-off in their meanings and their meaning can be meditated while chanting. As the mind concentrates more and more on mantra and its meaning, it conditions the mind and takes up to the higher states
Chanting of mantra was a concept of the Vedic saints that includes mantras as one of the main forms of worship, whose end is seen as salvation. Basically, Mantra Jaap means repeating the mantra. Reciting Mantra has become an established feature of the Hindu practices.
Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is a great mantra dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is called Maha Mritunjaya Mantra because it is a great death-conquering mantra. Sometimes it is also known as Mrita-Sanjivani Mantra. The Maha Mrityunjaya mantra is hailed by the sages as the heart of the Veda.
Lord Ram (Rama) is regarded as the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Rama is the symbol of courtesy and virtue, a man of values and morals. Hindu God Ram is also known as Maryada Purushottama, which means the perfect man. Sri Ram is an example of idealism; he has been the ideal man, the ideal son, the ideal brother
Saraswati is the goddess of arts, music, knowledge, and wisdom in the Hindu religion. Goddess Sarasvati is said to possess the powers of speech, wisdom and learning. Sarsvati is regarded as the dispeller of chaos and confusion. Saraswati Mantra is an important mantra of the Hindus that is recited for higher knowledge
The Shanti Mantras are prayers for peace, in the Hindu Mythology. Shanti Mantras are also known as "Peace Mantras". Shanti Mantras form the part of Upanishads.
Lord Shiva or Siva is considered as the destroyer of the world. Shiv is one of the most popular Gods of the Hindu religion. Shiva is one of the complex gods who is rudra as well as kind-hearted, simultaneously.
Surya Namaskar Mantra
Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation) is a form of worshiping God by meditating on the Sun, the energy provider. Surya Namaskar is useful in achieving concentration. Surya Namaskara is always performed in the open air, facing the Sun, at sunrise. Surya Namaskar is not just a physical exercise.
Lord Vishnu is considered as the preserver of the universe as per the Hindu Mythology. It is believed that Vishnu is an eternal and universal spirit associated with the primeval waters that pervaded before the creation of the universe. Vishnu Mantra forms the part of prayers offered to the lord.