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The Upanishads form a part of the Vedas and are essentially a set of ancient mystic teachings and imparting of knowledge.


The Upanishads form a part of the Vedas and are essentially a set of ancient mystic teachings and imparting of knowledge. The term Upanishad has been derived from three words: "Upa" (near), Ni (down) and shad (to sit), i.e., sitting down near. During ancient times, pupils used to sit near the teacher in a circle to learn the holy teachings and sacred scriptures. The Upanishad philosophy basically indicates learning from a spiritual teacher. The exact number of classical Upanishads is not known. Scholars differ when it comes to estimating the number of Upanishads that exist. It is estimated that there are around 350 Upanishads that exist today. To know more about Upnishads, continue to read this insightful article on it.

History Of Upnishads
The Upanishads provide us with spiritual knowledge and philosophical reasoning. Upanishads aim at attaining a level of understanding beyond ordinary knowledge about living. They aim at seeking a higher level of understanding about survival. They seek to create awareness about our purpose in life. They dwell on the psychology of the human mind. They speak about consciousness, sub-consciousness and dreams. They go beyond ordinary knowing and aim at a higher level of realization.

The Upanishads also contain information on the divine power of the word "Aum". This word is said to have cosmic vibrations and is said to underlie all forms of existence and trinity principles. For creating sound, one needs to have at least two things that strike against each other. But Aum is one sound that is created without any help or friction. Thus, this is the sound of the Universe, the vibrations that you feel inside when you close your ears. The Upanishads aim at making our lives more meaningful by making us realize the importance of self-realization that goes a long way into shaping the kind of individual we become.

Teachings Of Upnishads
Modern response to Upanishads:

There are many languages that the Upanishads have been translated into, which helped in its world wide spread out, like: English, Russian, German, Polish, Dutch, Italian, Persian, French, Latin, Urdu, Japanese, etc. It was during the reign of the famous Mughal Emperor Akbar that the original Upanishads were translated into the Persian language. Later his grandson, Dara Shikoh, ordered its further translation, which resulted in the production of the book called ‘Sirr-e-Akbar’ in the year of 1657. But it was not until its translation in 1775 by a French Orientalist called Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron that it gained worldwide attention.