Sanskrit literature came into being with the making of Vedas and left a rich legacy of literary knowledge for the times to come. However, the language of the Vedas differs from the language used in poetry and drama. classical Sanskrit literature is found to be in vogue when it comes to writing poetry and dance dramas. This form of classic literature in Sanskrit is a huge contribution in the field of literary knowledge. Sanskrit poetry is different from Vedic poetry. Read on further about literature in classical Sanskrit and check our related sections on Sanskrit plays and Sanskrit poetry.
Sanskrit drama evolved as early as 2nd century B.C. Shudraka, the great
Sanskrit writer wrote the earliest play in Sanskrit Mricchakatika around
this time. The central theme of these dramas and plays used to be based
on heroic tales of the protagonist. The Natya Shastra, which was written
by Bharata, literally means the Science of Theater. It contained all the
essential elements that go into making a successful dance drama. Other
famous dramatists are Kalidasa, Bhasa, Asvaghosa, etc. Check our related
sections for further information on their works.
classical Sanskrit poetry is a varied genre and has many forms of
poetry in it. The most famous examples of epic poetry are Ramayana and
Mahabharata, the two epics that are held in high reverence by Indians.
Romantic poetry was given a boost during the time of Kalidasa, the great
poet of India. The epics poems can be recited as well as sung. Thus, one
can say that classical music also started from classical Sanskrit
literature. classic literature in Sanskrit is indeed a valuable treasure
of Indian cultural heritage.