NTPC Limited or National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd is the largest thermal power generating company of India. NTPC is the sixth largest thermal power generator in the world and the second most efficient utility in terms of capacity utilisation based on data of 1998.
NTPC was founded in 1975 to give boost to power development in the
country as a wholly owned company of the Government of India. Presently,
Government of India holds 89.5% equity in the company and the balance
10.5% is held by FIIs, Domestic Banks, Public and others. NTPC is
engaged in engineering, construction and operation of power generating
plants. It also provides consultancy in the area of power plant
constructions and power generation to companies in India and abroad.
NTPC was among the first Public Sector Enterprises to enter into a
Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Government in 1987-88. Since
then, every year, NTPC has been placed under the 'Excellent category'
(the best category). In recognition of its excellent performance and
tremendous potential NTPC has been given the status of "Navratna"
by the Government of India.
As on date, NTPC's total installed capacity is 27, 904 MW. NTPC's coal
based power stations are at: Singrauli (Uttar Pradesh), Korba
(Chattisgarh), Ramagundam (Andhra Pradesh), Farakka (West Bengal),
Vindhyachal (Madhya Pradesh), Rihand (Uttar Pradesh), Kahalgaon (Bihar),
NTCPP (Uttar Pradesh), Talcher (Orissa), Unchahar (Uttar Pradesh),
Simhadri (Andhra Pradesh), Tanda (Uttar Pradesh), Badarpur (Delhi), and
Sipat (Chattisgarh). NTPC's Gas/Liquid based power stations are located
at: Anta (Rajasthan), Auraiya (Uttar Pradesh), Kawas (Gujarat), Dadri
(Uttar Pradesh), Jhanor-Gandhar (Gujarat), Rajiv Gandhi CCPP Kayamkulam
(Kerala), and Faridabad (Haryana). NTPC's Power Plants with Joint
Ventures are located at Durgapur (West Bengal), Rourkela (Orissa),
Bhilai (Chhattisgarh), and RGPPL (Maharastra).
Subsidiaries of NTPC
NTPC Electric Supply Company Ltd (NESCL): NESCL is a wholly
owned subsidiary of NTPC. It was incorporated in August 2002 with the
objective to acquire, establish & operate Electricity Distribution
Network in various circles/cities across India. The company provides
consultancy in the area of: Turnkey execution, Project monitoring,
Quality Assurance and Inspection, and Third Party Quality inspection on
the behalf of utility.
NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd. (NVVN): It was formed to cater to
and deal with the vast potential of power trading in the country and
optimum capacity utilisation.
NTPC Hydro Limited (NHL): It was set up in December, 2002 to
develop small and medium sized Hydro Electric Power Projects of up to
250 MW capacity.
Major Achievements of NTPC