The Eastern Railway is one of the major zones of Indian Railways. Fairley Place in Kolkata being its headquarters, the Eastern zone is segregated into four divisions including Howrah, Malda, Sealdah, and Asansol for better administration. On 14 April 1952, the Eastern Railways was created by merging the East Indian Railway encompassing divisions of Sealdah, Howrah, Asansol and Danapur with Bengal - Nagpur Railway.
At present, Eastern Railway encompasses 2382.38 kilometers of route.
For the economy of the country, the region attended by the Eastern
Railway is really significant. Besides ministering the most populated
expanse of the country, Eastern Railway deals with the area that is
prosperous in industry, agriculture and minerals. The three major
workshops of Eastern Railway are located in Jamalpur, Liluah and
Eastern Railway elongates to the Bangladesh border in the East, whereas
Lalgola, Malda and Kiul in the North, Kakdwip near Ganga Sagar in the
South and Asansol and Jhajha in the West. In order to accommodate long
distance passenger rush, the Railway runs a large number of high-speed
long distance trains. Rajdhani Express, being the premium one, ran for
the first time (1969) on the tracks of ER and NR between Howrah and
Eastern Railway is also known for making most of its suburban routes
electrified, yet the routes that have not been electrified, are getting
served by Diesel Multiple Units. The overall originating traffic of
Eastern Railway comprises 86 percent of coal. In Eastern India, the
major Power Houses and Industries rely upon the coal encumbered on the
Eastern Railway. Not only this, Eastern Railway also transfers Iron,
Steel, Stone, Cement, Jute, Tea, Textile, Automobiles etc.