Born: November 7, 1888
Died: November 21, 1970
Achievements: He was the first Indian scholar who studied wholly
in India received the Nobel Prize.
C.V. Raman is one of the most renowned scientists produced by India.
His full name was Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. For his pioneering work
on scattering of light, C.V. Raman won the Nobel Prize for Physics in
Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman was born on November 7, 1888 in
Tiruchinapalli, Tamil Nadu. He was the second child of Chandrasekhar
Iyer and Parvathi Amma. His father was a lecturer in mathematics and
physics, so he had an academic atmosphere at home. He entered Presidency
College, Madras, in 1902, and in 1904 passed his B.A. examination,
winning the first place and the gold medal in physics. In 1907, C.V.
Raman passed his M.A. obtaining the highest distinctions.
During those times there were not many opportunities for scientists in India.
Therefore, Raman joined the Indian Finance Department in 1907. After his
office hours, he carried out his experimental research in the laboratory
of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science at Calcutta. He
carried out research in acoustics and optics.
In 1917, Raman was offered the position of Sir Taraknath Palit
Professorship of Physics at Calcutta University. He stayed there for the
next fifteen years. During his tenure there, he received world wide
recognition for his work in optics and scattering of light. He was
elected to the Royal Society of London in 1924 and the British made him
a knight of the British Empire in 1929. In 1930, Sir C.V. Raman was
awarded with Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on scattering of light.
The discovery was later christened as "Raman Effect".
In 1934, C.V. Raman became the director of the newly established Indian
Institute of Sciences in Bangalore, where two years later he continued
as a professor of physics. Other investigations carried out by Raman
were: his experimental and theoretical studies on the diffraction of
light by acoustic waves of ultrasonic and hypersonic frequencies
(published 1934-1942), and those on the effects produced by X-rays on
infrared vibrations in crystals exposed to ordinary light. In 1947, he
was appointed as the first National Professor by the new government of
Independent India. He retired from the Indian Institute in 1948 and a
year later he established the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore,
where he worked till his death.
Sir C.V. Raman died on November 21, 1970.