Born - 1926
Achievements - she was the only female maestro of the Surbahar
or the bass Sitar in the classical music genre in India. Daughter of the
reverent musical exponent, Allaudin Khan, Annapurna Devi married his
disciple, sitar expert, Ravi Shankar. Though Annapurna Devi never took
up classical music as her profession and has not recorded any music
album, yet she got ample respect and love from everybody.
Annapurna Devi, who was born as Roshanara Khan in 1926 at Maihar in the
Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, was a secluded maestro of Surbahar or
the bass Sitar in the classical music genre. Her father Ustad Alauddin
Khan, who also happened to be her guru, was the founder of the famous
Senia Maihar Gharana or the Senia Maihar School and was regarded as a
marvel in the 20th century Indian classical music.
on further about the life and family history of Annapurna Devi, whose
uncles Fakir Aftabuddin Khan and Ustad Ayet Ali Khan also were
considered eminent musicians in their homeland Bangladesh. The brother
of Annapurna Devi, Ustad Ali Akbar Khan is deemed as one of the best
living Sarode players of India. Whereas her spouse, Sitarist Pandit Ravi
Shankar ranks among the most popular Indian classical musicians in the
Under the guidance of her father, Annapurna Devi emerged as a
proficient Surbahar maestro of the Maihar Gharana just within few years
of taking music lessons. Soon she even started giving music lessons to
the some of the students of her father like Pandit Nikhil Banerjee and
Ustad Bahadur Khan. It was during this time that one of the disciples of
Ustad Alauddin Khan, Ravi Shankar fell in love with Annapurna and asked
her hand in marriage from his teacher.
Read on the biography of Annapurna Devi, whom the renowned Indian
musician Ravi Shankar wedded when he was just of 21 years and Annapurna
all of 14. And post marriage, Annapurna turned into a Hindu. Though a
tumultuous one, the marriage lasted for some 20 years during which the
couple gave birth to a son, Shubhendra Shankar. As a teacher, she has
had many noteworthy students like Ustad Aashish Khan, renowned flautists
Hariprasad Chaurasia and others.
Some time in the 1970s, Annapurna Devi has also taught Surbahar to the
late sarod player Vasant Rai's wife kokila Rai. And in the current
times, all of them are contributing towards carrying forward the
legacies of Annapurna Devi and thus, her father Ustad Alauddin Khan's
music through their recitals. Though Annapurna Devi never took up
classical music as her profession and has not recorded any music album,
yet she got ample respect and love from everybody.