The Tughlaqs were basically of Turkish origin and the family was essentially Muslim. Around the year 1321, Ghazi Tughlaq ascended the throne and was given the title Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq. The Tughlaq dynasty was able to withhold its rule due to their strong allies like the Turks, Afghans and the Muslim warriors of south Asia. In the following lines, you shall find information about the history of Tughlaq dynasty and the major rulers of this dynasty. So read about the Tughluq Empire.
Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq
Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq was the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty in India.
His real name was Ghazi Malik and he ruled from 1320 - 1325. He was the
one who founded the city of Tughlaqabad outside Delhi. He waged a
gruesome battle against Khusrao Khan, who killed the last Khilji ruler.
His successful defense against the Mongols made him an able ruler and
the founder of a dynasty in India. He conquered many areas including
eastern portion of Bengal, a huge territory.
Mohammed bin Tughlaq
One of the most controversial rulers in India, Mohammed bin Tughlaq was
the successor of Ghazi Tughlaq. The empire was spread and his rule grew.
He was a brilliant person who had full command over mathematics and
medicine. Yet, he was considered crazy by those who were there in his
court. He was known to mete out very cruel and brutal punishments to
people who were found guilty of even small mistakes. He shifted his
capital from Delhi to a place in the outskirts known as Daulatabad which
harmed his reputation amongst policy makers.
Feroz Shah Tughlaq
Feroz Shah Tughlaq was the successor of Mohammed Bin Tughlaq. Feroz
Shah was a caring ruler unlike Mohammed bin Tughlaq. He made sure that
people in his kingdom were happy and heard out their problems patiently.
However, he was not militarily strong and could not sustain any sort of
external attacks or aggression. Feroz Shah breathed his last in the year
1388 and after that the Tughlaq dynasty faded away in no time.