After the Tughlaq dynasty disintegrated, the Sayyid dynasty rose to power. They were essentially the rulers of the Delhi Sultanate of India and reigned from 1414 to 1451. The history of the Sayyid dynasty is not clearly known but they claimed to be the descendants of Prophet Mohammed. The Sayyid Empire was formed amidst chaos when there was no figure of authority to control Delhi. The Sayyid dynasty had four basic rulers.
The founder of Sayyid dynasty was Khizr Khan and ruled from 1414-1421.
He was known to be an able administrator and was very soft natured. He
never resorted to bloody battles until it was absolutely necessary. It
was his kind and docile nature that did not let him acquire many
kingdoms during his reign. He defeated the Hindus of Daob, Kalithar and
Chandwar since they had stopped paying tributes. Though he didn't wage
many battles during his reign, he was busy suppressing revolts in
different parts of his kingdom. He could not come up with many great
reforms but still he was greatly respected and loved by his subjects.
After the death of Khizr Khan, his son Mubarak Shah succeeded him on
the throne. Like his father, Mubarak Shah was a wise man and an
efficient ruler and remained on the throne from 1421-1434. He used his
resources carefully and to the fullest. He was a devout Muslim and cared
for his subjects. He was not quite able to possess many areas and
kingdoms during his rule and kept suppressing revolts like his father.
The city of Mubarakabad was founded by him in the year 1433.
After the death of Mubarak Shah, his brother's son Muhammad Shah
succeeded him on the throne since Mubarak Shah did not have a son.
Muhammad Shah ruled from 1434-1444. He was not an able ruler and misused
his power and position of authority. He lost the trust and affection of
his nobles and royal force who had freed him from his captors. He was
lethargic and lazy ruler who just wanted to live his life in pleasure.
After the death of Muhammad Shah in 1444, his son took over the throne
under the title of Alam Shah. During the year 1447, he visited a place
called Baduan and loved it so much that he decided to stay there
forever. Till 1451, Delhi was ruled by Buhlul Lodhi. Alam Shah ruled
Baduan till he died in the year 1478. with his death the Sayyid dynasty
came to end.