Location: Pattadakal, Karnataka
Pattadakal is a beautiful city situated in the state of Karnataka. In
the past, it was a part of the Chalukya Dynasty and it was during their
rule that the city managed to attain an amazing blend of architectural
styles belonging to the northern and the southern parts of India.
Forming a part of the Pattadakal Temples are nine Hindu temples as well
as a Jain temple. The sculptural art adorning the temples is
characterized by elegance and elaboration.
The narrative art of the temples depicts different episodes from the
great Hindu epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, the holy book Bhagavata
Purana as well as the tales of Panchatantra. Four Hindu temples at
Pattadakal have been built as per South Indian Dravidian architectural
style. Four others are based on the Nagara architectural style of North
India. While, the architecture of the ninth and the last, known as the
Papanatha Temple, comes across as a combination of different styles.
Sangamesvara Temple, built by Vijayaditya Satyasraya, boasts of a
simple but huge structure. It is the oldest one of the Pattadakal
Temples and was built under the patronage of Vijayaditya Satyasraya.
Virupaksha Temple was built somewhere around 740 AD, by Queen Lokamaha
Devi. The main reason behind the construction of the temple was to
commemorate the victory of Lokamaha's husband, Vikaramaditya II, over
the kings from the south.
Jambulinga Temple is a small temple, which enshrines an exquisite image
of Dancing Lord Shiva, with Goddess Parvati and Nandi Bull by His side.
It has been built with a northern style tower, which has a
horseshoe-arched projection on its facade.
The second queen of Vikaramaditya II built Mallikarjuna Temple, along
with Virupaksha Temple, to commemorate the victory of the Chalukyas over
the Pallavas. The largest of all Hindu temples at Pattadakal, the
Mallikarjuna Temple is ornamented with rich sculptural works.
The Jain temple is situated on the Pattadakal-Badami Road,
approximately half a kilometer from the temple enclosure. A ninth
century temple, it has been built in the Dravidian style and stands
adorned with some stunning sculptures