Find out detailed information on climate in different regions of Karnataka
Climate: Equable climate
- Coastal Karnataka: 3456mm
- North Interior Karnataka: 731mm
- South Interior Karnataka: 1126mm
Known for its pleasant climate especially in the hilly areas or high plateau, the weather of Karnataka, is the most important part of the geography of this beautiful & mesmerizing state. Karnataka weather is at its best in Bangalore which is known as an 'air-conditioned city'. Here, the climate is pleasant throughout the year. Moreover, Bangalore gets showers in both the seasons of summer and winter rejuvenating the city throughout the year. Karnataka's weather can be best described as dynamic and erratic as it changes from place to place owing to the changes in altitude, relief features and its distance from the sea. When you compare different cities of Karnataka, you will notice that the hilly regions and plateau present a different climatic condition with the plains being comparatively warmer. Due to this climatic difference, Karnataka is divided into three type of climate namely; Coastal Karnataka, North Interior Karnataka and South Interior Karnataka. Read on to find more interesting facts about the weather of Karnataka.
Summer starts in March and lasts till May. April and May are the hottest months in almost all cities of Karnataka. It is during this season that humidity is quite less in the atmosphere. The month of June is very unpleasant as the humidity rate increases marginally because of the soon approaching monsoon season. At this time, the average temperature is 34°C with 75% humidity. Towards the interior north cities such as Bijapur, Dharwad, Belgaum, Gulbarga, Raichur have an average high temperature of 28-34° C and a low temperature of 20-22°C. While, the interior south cities, such as Bangalore, Chikmangalur, Mysore, Madikeri, Kolar, Hassan, Bellary have the average high temperature which ranges from 25-34 °C and the low average temperature going up to 15-22°C. The highest recorded temperature in the state of Karnataka was at Raichur with 45.6°C in 1928. The temperature of Karnataka remains more or less the same during day and night in the coastal and the highly elevated regions of the state.
Monsoon begins in June and continues until September. The temperature dips very low and the humidity percentage is quite high this time. The coastal belt of Karnataka comprising Dakshina Kannada, the Uttara Kannada, Udupi districts and its adjoining areas experience tropical monsoon season. Here, rainfall is quite heavy and ranges up to 3638.5 mm per annum. The climate of this area is generally hot accompanied by excess rainfall till September. On the other hand, the North Interior region of Karnataka comprising Bijapur, Bagalkot, Belgaum, Haveri, Gadag, Dharwad, Gulbarga, Bellary, Koppal and Raichur districts mainly lie in arid zone and the average rainfall per annum is only 711.5 mm. Moving towards the south interior Karnataka, (Bangalore, Bellary, Chikmagalur, Chitradurga, Kodagu, Hassan, Kolar, Mysore, Mandya, Shimoga and Tumkur districts) receive an average rainfall of 1064.8 mm per annum while in the Western Ghats it is 2540 cm. The districts of Chitradurga, Bijapur, Koppal have the lowest average mm of rainfall ranging 570mm whereas Udupi has the highest average rainfall of 4119 mm. South West monsoon winds bring rainfall to the southern part of the state on the onset of June.
The Post monsoon season of Karnataka begins from October and extends up to December. During this season, an intermittent shower of rain is associated with the north-eastern monsoon. These winds affect the south-eastern part of the state.
Winter season extends from January to February which is pleasant and not extreme in any of the cities of Karnataka. The state receives winter showers during October-November in the south eastern part. The temperature during this season ranges from 32°C and reduces to 20°C or even below. The humidity percentage in winter is generally low. December and January are generally the coolest months in most of the cities in Karnataka.