The constitution of India guarantees all citizens belonging to any religion or caste equal cultural and educational rights.

Cultural and Educational Rights

India, being a diverse country with a myriad of ethnic backgrounds, religious influence and varied sub-cultures, also have minority groups. Articles 29 to 30 of the Indian Constitution effectively aim to eradicate this problem by making a provision in the article known as �Right to Cultural and Educational rights of Minority groups�.

Article 29: Right to Protection of Interests
Article 30: Right to Establish Educational Institutions
Article 30 of the Indian Constitution states that religious and language minorities will have the right to administer and start their own educational institutions. However, no minority, other than the ones suggested in the article will have the right to establish any institution. The second provision, under Article 30 (2) states that, the government will not deny these institutions any state funds or aid on the basis that it is run and managed by minority groups.

Protection of Minority Groups
The government has come with varied laws to help protect the rights of the minorities. The Protection of Civil Rights Act 1989 and the Prevention of Atrocities Act of 1989 are two such acts established by the government. The National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions 1992 was set up to look into any grievances lodged by the minorities or any violation of rights. The commission was also set up to advice the state or central government on any matter relating to the protection of educational minority groups by providing reports and suggestions.

The constitution of India safeguards the linguistic and cultural liberty of minorities. The aim of these articles and rights in the constitution is to provide for and protect these minority groups by providing the equality of opportunity and freedom to adhere to individual language, caste, culture and education.