Hog Deer is a subspecies of deer, found in the areas stretching from Pakistan, through northern India, to mainland Southeast Asia. A population of the Hog deer was introduced in a number of countries, including Australia, United States and Sri Lanka. The hog deer of India has been named after the manner in which it runs. While running, its head is hung low, which helps it in ducking the obstacles in the way, rather than leaping over them.
Hog deer is a small animal, which reaches a shoulder height of
approximately 60 cm. Counted amongst the smallest deer of the world, it
weighs somewhere between 20 to 30 kg. A male hog deer has beautiful
antlers, with a 3 points formation. Shed in spring season, these antlers
can grow to an average length of 30 cm. While running, the tail of a hog
deer gets erect, revealing the white underside.
Hog deer of India are mainly solitary creatures and turn into sociable
creatures only when the situation seems to be favorable. Whenever they
get startled, they whistle or bark as warning signal. Hog deer have
their own home ranges, which widely vary in size. A male hog deer is
aggressive and may form territorial boundaries, even at low population
Mating period of Indian Hog deer falls during the months of autumn,
usually September. The gestation period is of 8 months. When the mating
period approaches, male deer gather in the open and indulge in
antagonistic encounters. At a particular point of time, a male fights
over a single female only. Hog deer do not give mating calls like other
Hog deer has still not been listed as an endangered species. It may
live upto an age of 20 - 30 years, if not hunted by its natural
The diet of a Hog deer comprises primarily of grass.
Grasslands across the plains and low foothills of northern of form the
natural habitat of the Hog deer. They can also be seen in the alluvial
grass plains of the Indian subcontinent.