Maharashtra has a tropical monsoon climate with summer, winter, monsoon and spring seasons.
Climate: Tropical Monsoon
- Konkan Coast: 3005 mm
- Madhya Maharashtra : 901mm
- Marathwada : 882 mm
- Vidarbha: 1,034mm
Maharashtra has a tropical monsoon climate with summer, winter, monsoon and spring seasons. Though the climate is tropical, the areas in the higher altitude do not experience extremely cold weather. Moreover, the state also consists of two major relief categories. The plateau is a part of the Deccan tableland and the Konkan coastal strip borders the Arabian Sea. The location of the state is of great strategic importance with the port of Mumbai lies in the north central portion of Peninsular India.
Summer in Maharashtra starts in the month of March and ends in May with the temperatures being the highest. The months of March, April and May are regarded as the hottest months. These months also witnesses thunderstorms all over the state which is a relief from the scorching heat. During this time, the temperature varies between 22°C-39°C. Cities like Pune though is not characterized by extreme heat witness unbearable humidity during the daytime making the temperatures reach above 40°C. Coastal areas like Mumbai experience high level of humidity making the precipitation rate of 242. 2 cm annually. While Amravati region in Maharashtra experience hot and dry summers and mild and cool winters, Nagpur experience hot summers with the temperature rising up to 49°C and cool winters going down to 10°C. The South western parts of Maharashtra like Kolhapur and Sindhudurg, summer is less hot though it is more humid.
In Maharashtra, monsoon starts in the first week of June with July being the wettest month. While August also gets rain, September witnesses the retreat of monsoon. The maximum amount of rain is received by Sahyadrian, Konkan and Eastern Vidarbha region while the central region of the state receives less rainfall. In states such as Thane, Ratnagiri, Raigad and Sindhudurg is around 3000 mm while in other cities such as Nasik, Pune, Ahmednagar, Dhule, Satara, Sangli, Jalgaon, Solapur and parts of Kolhapur receive 500 to 700 mm. While Nagpur region witness heavy rainfall, Amravati region also heavy rainfall for three to four months from the south Westerly monsoons. Mumbai also receive heavy monsoon of 2,200 mm, often resulting in floods. Even south western areas like Kolhapur receive great rainfall, sometimes resulting in floods.
In cities like Mumbai and Pune in Maharashtra, a post - monsoon season exists from the month of October to December. During this time, the temperature varies between 23.1°C - 32.9°C. It is hot during the day time and cold during the night with humidity being very low.
Winter in Maharashtra starts in the month of November and it persists till February. During this time, the state witness clear skies, pleasing weather and gentle breeze. The average temperature during this time is between 12°C-25°C. However, the eastern region of Maharashtra receives slight rainfall with the temperature varying between 12°C-34°C. The winter in North Western regions and hill stations in Nasik is cold and dry. The temperature varies from 4°C - 28°C. In cities including Mumbai, cold Northern winds provide a chilling effect during the winter with the day temperature of 27°C and the night temperature of 15°C. In the month of January, the climate becomes foggy. While cities like Pune experience extreme cold, areas like Nagpur too experience chilling cold with the temperature going down to 12°C. However, south western regions like Kolhapur experience pleasant winter compared to Pune and Nasik.
Though not in the real sense of the term, the duration between the middle of January to March are regarded as the spring in Pune and in the nearby hill stations like Lonawala and Khandala. During this time, the area witness pleasing weather and bright and warm sunrays. The temperature and the climate is moderate with a slight but negligible humidity.