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Chhattisgarh has tropical type of climate; it is located in the central part of India. To know more about weather & geography of Chhattisgarh, read on.

Chhattisgarh Weather

Climate: Tropical

Chhattisgarh comes under the hot Torrid Zone and probably that's why the state observes tropical type of climate. Though weather varies from region to region, it's warm in most of the places. Like any other part of India, Chhattisgarh enjoys three seasons, summers, winters, and monsoons. During summers (April-June), the temperature sometimes goes up to 45°C (max) whilst the sun shines brightly over heads.

Late in the month of June, Monsoons (July-September) arrive in the state as a respite from the scorching heat. Chhattisgarh receives pretty decent amount of rainfall with an average of 1292mm. Since it falls under the rice-agro-climatic zone, rainfall proves to be the main source of irrigation. A significant variation in the annual rainfall adversely affects the harvest. The elevated regions in the north and south observe moderate climate round the year.

In October, cool breeze envelops the entire state as if heralding the arrival of winters. The winter season (November-February) doesn't necessarily mean wearing loads of woolens in Chhattisgarh. At this time, the temperature even drops down to 10°C. Light woolens are usually enough to deal with winters in the state, however, heavy woolens are required in hilly areas. Otherwise, light cotton clothing is best for most of the time. Seeing the weather conditions, the months from October to March offers the best time to visit Chhattisgarh.

Geographical Location

Location: 46'N - 24° 5' N, 80° 15' E - 84° 20' E
Area:,194 km² (52,199 sq mi)

Chhattisgarh is located in the central part of India, between the latitudes of 17° 46'N - 24° 5' N and the longitudes of 80° 15' E - 84° 20' E. Its proximate position with the Tropic of Cancer has a major influence on its climate. It is landlocked by the states of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh on the west, Uttar Pradesh on the north, Jharkhand on the north-east, Orissa on the east, and Andhra Pradesh on the south.

Sprawled in an area of 135,194 sq km, Chhattisgarh has substantial plain area in the middle. The plains are enclosed by forested hills and plateaus. The Mahanadi is the state's largest river that moves across the plain. Other main rivers that drench the lands of Chhattisgarh are Hasdo (a tributary of Mahanadi), Rihand, Indravati, Jonk, and Arpa. The northern and southern regions of the state are hilly, whereas the central region is a fertile plain. About 40% of the state's area is covered by forests.

The Indo-Gangetic plain that lies in the northern part of the state is watered by the Rihand River, a tributary of the Ganges. The Satpura Range on the east and the Chota Nagpur Plateau on the west outline an east-west belt of hills, which segregate the Mahanadi River basin from the Indo-Gangetic plain. The Deccan Plateau on the south divides the Godavari River and its tributary, the Indravati. Owing to such diverse geography, Chhattisgarh enjoys tropical weather, good harvest and amazing flora & fauna.