Assam, essentially, observes temperate climate. Its weather is characterized by heavy downpour and humidity. The hilly areas usually experience sub-alpine climatic condition, while excessive sultriness is observed in the plain lands of Assam. Though summer, winter and monsoons are the three seasons that visit the state, rainy season marks the most of the months of a year. Summers prevail for a few months between March and June.
However, temperature never goes beyond 35°C - 38°C even in the summer months. Rain showers occur erratically and keep the temperature under control, nevertheless humidity levels shoot up. In the late-June, monsoon arrives with the oath to drench the state. Usually the intensity of rainfall crosses the extent and leads to natural catastrophes like floods. During the afternoons, thunderstorms are very common. Such heavy precipitation lasts till the month of September.
During these months, rainfall appears at its utmost form in Assam. From late-October to late-February, winter season exists in the state marked by minimum temperature of 6°C to 8°C. During winter, nights and early mornings are misty. This is only time when Assam observes scanty rainfall. Spring and autumn seasons continue to carry moderate temperatures and less rainfall, making the most suitable seasons to visit Assam.
Location: 24°8' - 28°2' N, 89°42' - 96° E
Area: 78,438 km²
Assam is to be found in the central part of north-east India. It extends between the latitudes of 24°8' N - 28°2' N and longitudes of 89°42' E - 96° E. The T-shaped state is sprawled in an area of 78,438 km². It is bordered by the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, and West Bengal. Assam shares its international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh. It is connected to the rest of the country through a narrow strip known as Chicken's Neck in West Bengal.
It comprises the northern Brahmaputra valley, the middle Karbi and Cachar hills and the southern Barak valley. The presence of mighty Brahmaputra River has transformed the land into a fertile zone where numerous cash crops are grown today. Due to its geographical location and climatic conditions, Assam is credited for having quality alluvial soil. In fact, its economy highly depends on agriculture based activities. Crude oil and natural gas are also found in the region. Assam also has astonishing wealth in the form of dense tropical forests, paddy fields and lush tea gardens.