Location: Near Bada Imambara, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh)
Founded In: Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula
Founded By: 1784
Rumi Darwaza is a huge gateway situated in the city of Lucknow, near
the Bada Imambara. An architectural beauty, it is counted amongst the
most popular attractions of Uttar Pradesh. The gateway dates back to the
year 1784 and was constructed under the patronage of Nawab
Asaf-ud-Daula. One of the most imposing structures in India, Rumi
Darwaza has been built as per the Awadh architectural style. Known by
the name of Turkish Gateway also, it is said to be exactly similar in
design to a gateway in ancient Constantinople (Turkey).
The term "Rumi' has been derived from the word Rome, which is
another name of Istanbul, the capital city of Eastern Roman Empire.
Since Constantinople was earlier known as Istanbul, the name of the
gateway was kept in Hindi as the 'Rumi Darwaza'. The gateway is huge in
size and rises to an astounding height of 60 feet. An octagonal chattri
adorns the uppermost part of the Rumi Darwaza and is beautifully carved.
The chattri can be easily reached with the help of a staircase.
In the past, a huge lantern was kept on the top of the Rumi Darwaza,
with the purpose of lighting it up. The gateway used to look magnificent
under the light of the lantern. The sides of the arch have been
decorated with carved flower buds, out of which little jets of water
used to rush out. This made the Rumi Darwaza look like the gateway to
Paradise. Just like Bada Imambara, the gate was also founded under the
'Food for Work' program. At one point of time in the past, Rumi Darwaza
used to serve as the entrance to the walled city area of Lucknow.