Location: Kalkaji, South Delhi
Founded In: 1986
Dedicated To: No Particular God
Other Name: Lotus Temple
Lotus Temple of Delhi is an architectural wonder, which is not
dedicated to any particular God. It is situated in the Kalkaji area of
South Delhi. The temple has been built in the shape of a lotus, thus the
name 'Lotus Temple'. It is made up of marble, cement, dolomite and sand
and is also known by the name of Bahai Temple. No single faith dominates
this temple and there is no religious restrictions have been placed for
entering its premises. People come here, not for worship, but for
meditating and to feel at peace with themselves.
Built as per the modern architectural style, Lotus Temple of India
represents serenity, harmony, tranquility and calm. People from all
races, religious backgrounds and cultures visit the Lotus temple to feel
one with nature as well as the fellow humans. The temple represents
Bahai faith, an independent world religion. This religion is based on
the principles of humanity and compassion, is broad in its outlook and
scientific in its method. The youngest religion of the world, the Bahai
Faith believes in one single race i.e., humanity.
While building the Bahai Temple of Delhi, the architects made use of
traditional means of construction, along with Western engineering
designs. It took approximately 10 years and about 800 engineers,
technicians, artisans and workers to construct this amazing piece of
architecture. Fariborz Sahba, a Canadian architect of Iranian origin,
was the main person behind the design as well as management of the
project. The main aim behind the construction of this temple was to
teach people the triviality of material possessions.
The Bahai temple of India is one of the seven temples of Bahai Faith
built throughout the world. The structure of the temple comprises of
three ranks, each comprising of nine petals. Each of them bounces up
from a podium, which raises the building above the surrounding plains.
The first two ranks of the petals have been curve inwards and encircle
the inner dome. The third layer takes an outward curve in order to form
a kind of covering over all the nine entrances of the temple.
The lotus petals have been constructed of reinforced white concrete and
are covered with white marble panels. Nine arches, which mainly support
the entire edifice, enclose the central hall. The exterior of the Lotus
temple comprises of nine reflecting pools, which are built in such a way
that they look like the green leaves of the lotus flower. Since there
are practically no straight lines in the architecture of the temple, the
architect faced great difficulties in designing and erecting the
The construction work of the Bahai Temple was undertaken by the local
laborers of Delhi. The temple was inaugurated and opened up to the
general public in December 1986. Till date, it has seen the influx of
more than 50 million visitors, making it one of the most visited tourist
destinations of the world. People come here to understand as well as
practice the teachings of the Bahai Faith, which include the presence of
a single God, oneness of religions and oneness of mankind.