Born on 12 April 1924 to a Goan couple, Francis Newton Souza was an eminent Indian artist of his time. He was among that early crop of painters who hold the credit of popularizing Indian art in the western countries. Francis Newton Souza was the student of the Sir JJ School of Art in the Mumbai city. But he was later thrown out because he relentlessly and openly supported the Quit India movement at the time the country was under the British rule. To know more about the life history of FN Souza, read on this biography.
Francis Newton Souza established the Bombay Progressive Artists' Group to
instill confidence and boost the morale of the follow artists. The main
intention was to encourage Indian artists to participate in the
international avant-garde. However, after India gained freedom from the
British rule, FN Souza shifted to London in the United Kingdom. Soon one
of his works got selected by the Institute of Contemporary Art that
displayed it in a 1954 exhibition. After this, many more such shows
The life history of the career of FN Souza simply seemed to soar higher
from here onwards. And the release of his autobiographical work Nirvana
of a Maggot in Encounter edited by Stephen Spender further helped to
enhance his public image. His literary reputation got cemented by the
publication of his book Words and Lines in the year 1959. Souza's career
developed steadily and he got rave reviews from everywhere. After the
year 1967, FN Souza shifted to the New York city, but returned to India
shortly before his death.