The origin of Jammu and Kashmir Bank Limited, more commonly referred to as J&K Bank, can be traced back to the year 1938, when it was established as the first state-owned bank in India. The bank was incorporated on 1st October 1938 and it was in the following year (more precisely on 4th July 1939) that it commenced its business, in Kashmir (India). It was initially set up as a semi-State Bank, with its capital being contributed by State as well as the public under the control of State Government.
Jammu and Kashmir Bank had to face serious problems in 1947 i.e. at the time of independence. With the partition of Pakistan, two out of the total ten branches of the bank, namely the ones in Muzaffarabad and Mirpur, fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pak Occupied Kashmir), along with cash and other assets. At that point of time, in keeping with the extended Central laws of the state, J&K Bank was categorized as a Government Company, as per the provisions of Indian Companies Act 1956.
It was in the year 1971 that Jammu and Kashmir Bank was granted the status of a 'Scheduled Bank'. Five years later, it was declared as "A" Class Bank, by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). As the years passed on, the bank started achieving more and more success. Today, it boasts of more than 500 branches across the country. It was only recently that Jammu and Kashmir Bank became a billion dollar company. Governed by the Companies Act and Banking Regulation Act of India, it is regulated by RBI and SEBI. It finds a listing on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) as well.
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