Indian brow antlered deer is known by a number of
names, like Sangai deer, Eld's deer and Thamin deer of India.
deer are known by the scientific name of Cervus eldii. They have a
number of other names also, like Eld's Deer, Sangai Deer, Thamin Deer
and even Dancing Deer. The maximum lifespan of the Thamin deer of India
is only ten years and the deer has three subspecies also. These include
Sangai deer of India are medium in size and are very much like the
Barasingha in appearance. Long thin legs, a long body and a large head
on a thin neck further define their looks. The coat of the Eld's deer of
India changes in color from season to season. In summers, it
reddish-brown in color while in winters, it turns into dark brown. The
texture is coarse and rough, especially around the throat, where the
growth is quite long. There is a difference between the male and female
Thamin deer. Male deer have a darker color and a shorter tail.
The most remarkable feature of male Dancing deer comprises of their
antlers. They are usually multi-tined and can grow as long as 2 meters.
The average number of tines is 12. However, in exceptional cases, it can
go upto 20. The antlers of the male Brow-antlered deer have lyre shape
and they tend to grow backwards in a long arc. The brow tine is
exceptionally long and noticeable, one of the reasons for the deer to be
named as the Brow-antlered Deer.
Status and Threats
The population of Sangai deer of India has been continuously deceasing
over the past years. It is believed that the population of the Manipur
Brow-antlered deer is somewhere around 200 only. One can find about 2000
to 3000 Burmese Thamin deer in various locations of Myanmar. Though the
number of Thailand Eld's deer is not known exactly, it is believed to be
quite low. One of the main reasons for the diminishing population of the
Sangai deer of India is too much hunting. The destruction of their
habitat further has further worsened the situation.
Dancing Deer prefer to stay in open Indian parkland areas or light
woodland, which are near to rivers or wet marshy land. One can hardly
find them in thick forest or woodland.
Thamin deer are herbivorous and survive on a variety of water plants,
grasses, herbaceous plants, and shoots.
The mating season of the Eld's deer of India begins in February and
comes to an end in May. The control over a group of female deer is
established through a competition between the males. The gestation
period lies between 220 and 240 days, after which the female gives birth
to, usually, a single calf. Indian Sangai deer are spotted by birth.
However, as the calf grows, the spots fade away. The age of maturity is
around 18 months.
Indian brow-antlered deer have been known to move in separate sex
herds, which may become as large as comprising of upto 50 members. When
the mating period approaches, stags join the female groups.
Facts about Indian Brow Antlered Deer